Blind Guardian is a Germans|German power metal|power / heavy metal music|heavy metal band formed in the mid-1980s in Krefeld, West Germany. They are often credited as one of the seminal and most influential bands in the power metal and speed metal subgenres. Nine musicians have been a part of the band's line-up in its history, which has consisted of singer Hansi Kürsch, guitarists André Olbrich and Marcus Siepen, and drummer Frederik Ehmke since 2005.
Blind Guardian is a part of the Music of Germany#Metal|German heavy metal scene that emerged in the mid-1980s. They formed in 1984 as '''Lucifer's Heritage''' by Kürsch (then also bass guitarist), Olbrich, other guitarist Markus Dörk and drummer Thomas Stauch. Dörk and Stauch both left the following year, and were replaced by Christof Theißen and Hans-Peter Frey respectively, who left as well before the end of the year. In 1987, Siepen joined and Stauch returned; under this line-up, which lasted 18 years (the longest in the band's history), the band changed their name to Blind Guardian and released their first album, Battalions of Fear, in 1988.
Over the releases, Blind Guardian established themselves as a notable successful band and as pioneers of the power metal movement. In 1996, Kürsch stopped to act as bass guitarist to focus on the singing; various session members replaced him, mainly Oliver Holzwarth. However in 2005, Stauch left the band, disapproving Blind Guardian's musical orientation into a more Progressive metal|progressive sound with a heavy use of Backing vocalist|backing vocals, and was replaced by Ehkme.
Most of Blind Guardian's albums were well received by fans and critics alike: Somewhere Far Beyond (1992), Imaginations from the Other Side (1995), and Nightfall in Middle-Earth (1998), are especially seen as influential works. The music is mostly composed by Kürsch and Olbrich together, and the lyrics, written by Kürsch, are mostly inspired by the fiction of fantasy authors such as J. R. R. Tolkien, Michael Moorcock, Robert Jordan, Stephen King and George R. R. Martin as well as traditional legend s and Epic poetry|epic s. Bradford Lee Eden. Middle-earth Minstrel: Essays on Music in Tolkien. McFarland, 2010. ISBN 0-7864-4814-8, ISBN 978-0-7864-4814-2. 215 pages Over the years, a running theme has developed which personifies the band members as travelling bard s, leading some fans to refer to the band affectionately as "The Bards".
Formation as Lucifer's Heritage (1984–1987)
Blind Guardian was formed in 1984 in Krefeld, Germany, by Hansi Kürsch (vocals, bass) and Andre Olbrich (guitar) under the name Lucifer's Heritage, with Markus Dörk (guitar) and Thomen Stauch (drums). The band briefly expanded into a quintet with the addition of a second lead vocalist, Thomas Kelleners. However after three months Kelleners left the band in a mutual agreement. Lucifer's Heritage first released two demo (music)|demos in 1985 and 1986, despite undergoing chaotic lineup changes: Dörk and Stauch were replaced by Christof Theißen and Hans-Peter Frey, respectively. Finally, in 1987, Marcus Siepen joined and Thomen came back to form the lineup which would stay consistent for the next 18 years.
Name change and rise to success (1988–1996)
After Lucifer's Heritage signed a contract with No Remorse Records, the band changed their name to Blind Guardian to avoid any speculations about Satanism (in a bio it was stated that they also wanted to distance themselves from the black metal movement, as their demos were placed in with black metal albums at local record shops). They released their debut album Battalions of Fear in 1988, which was essentially a speed metal album heavily influenced by Helloween. These two German bands had close ties, and Helloween founder Kai Hansen made a guest appearance on Blind Guardian's second LP, Follow the Blind (1989), where the band revealed some thrash metal influence. Their third LP, Tales from the Twilight World (1990), had a much more melodic and "epic" feeling, with usage of choir and classical music influence.
Blind Guardian signed with Virgin Records in 1991, and released their fourth studio album Somewhere Far Beyond in 1992 and the live album Tokyo Tales in 1993. Flemming Rasmussen, former Metallica producer, began working with the band in 1994, producing their fifth studio album Imaginations from the Other Side, released in 1995, and The Forgotten Tales, an album that contained half covers and half original work, released in 1996.
Later years and departure of Thomen Stauch (1997–2009)
In 1998, Blind Guardian released their epic album Nightfall in Middle-Earth . "Complete with anthemic choruses, spoken word story lines, and plenty of bombastic power metal punctuating every dramatic turn", says Allmusic|Allmusic's Vincent Jeffries, "Nightfall in Middle-Earth is perhaps Blind Guardian's most triumphant". A concept album based on J. R. R. Tolkien 's The Silmarillion, Blind Guardian's music demonstrated some folk rock influence, but also featured heavy use of Queen (band)|Queen -style layered backing vocals. Since Nightfall, bass guitar has been played by sessional member Oliver Holzwarth, and Hansi has been able to devote all his attention to singing. Nightfall was also the last Blind Guardian album produced by Rasmussen.
A Night at the Opera (Blind Guardian album)|A Night at the Opera, named after A Night at the Opera (Queen album)|the Queen album, was released four years later. On this album, the band's sound lacked almost all influence of their original speed metal. Power and progressive metal abound, with over the top orchestral backing and a consistent vocal and guitar layering throughout. Though not a true concept album, many of the lyrics dealt with the common themes of religion and relations between human and divine powers. It was followed by a live album in 2003 and a DVD, Imaginations Through the Looking Glass, in 2004, which was the last recorded Blind Guardian material to feature Thomen Stauch on drums. He left the band due to musical differences and was replaced by Frederik Ehmke. The first album with Ehmke was A Twist in the Myth, which came out in 2006.
Blind Guardian participated in the soundtrack for the In the Name of the King: a Dungeon Siege Tale fantasy movie ( Uwe Boll ), which came out in 2008. The band also recorded a theme song for Sacred 2 Fallen Angel role-playing video game, the sequel to Sacred (video game)|Sacred .
Recent events (2010–present)
" A Voice in the Dark " was the next single from Blind Guardian that was released June 25, 2010. On July 30, 2010 the album followed, called At the Edge of Time . The band started "The Sacred Worlds and Songs Divine Tour 2010", the European dates will have the opening acts Enforcer (band)|Enforcer and Steelwing. The October 22 in Gothenburg, Sweden only Steelwing was the opening act. The US dates will have Holy Grail (band)|Holy Grail and Seven Kingdoms (band)|Seven Kingdoms and later they were announced that they would play at Wacken Open Air in 2011.
On July 21, 2011, Hansi Kürsch announced on Blind Guardian's official website that they are working on an orchestral album. On September 1, 2011, Oliver Holzwarth joined Rhapsody of Fire as a full-time member, after 13 years as Blind Guardian's session bass player. On January 27, 2012, the band released a compilation album, titled Memories of a Time to Come, containing re-recorded and remixed songs from the band's entire Blind Guardian discography|discography. On July 11, 2012, Hansi posted on the bands' official website that the band will cease touring after their show at the Rockharz festival in Ballenstedt, which happened two days after the post. Hansi went on in the post to explain that they wanted to really get down to work and focus on a new record before returning to the road once again in 2014 at the latest. He also mentioned that he really wants to perform songs that they've never played live before when they return to touring.
Blind Guardian's first two albums, Battalions of Fear and Follow the Blind, were more in the style of speed metal than their following works. Beginning with their third album Tales from the Twilight World, Blind Guardian gradually began to write more complicated compositions focusing less on speed. As of their sixth album, Nightfall in Middle Earth, Hansi stopped playing bass to focus on singing. At this point the band began to incorporate large amounts of orchestral arrangements, and utilized the technique of overdub bing, heavily influenced by the English rock band Queen (band)|Queen.
Blind Guardian's music features the staccato guitars and double bass drum ming characteristic of power metal, as well as the use of overdub s and numerous backing vocals to create a dense sound. This proved significant on all albums after the first two but most particularly on A Night at the Opera (Blind Guardian album)|A Night at the Opera .
Another definitive feature of Blind Guardian music is frequent use of folk music|folk tunes and instruments, especially in power ballad s such as "Lord of the Rings", "The Bard's Song", "A Past and Future Secret", "Skalds and Shadows" and "Curse My Name", among others.
Along with Jon Schaffer, the leader and founder of Iced Earth, Kürsch is a member of Demons and Wizards (band)|Demons and Wizards, where he is the lead singer.
Blind Guardian have been working on and off for eight years on an orchestral project writing music about The Dwarves. Although it will not be a power metal album, it will be published under the name of Blind Guardian because it matches the theme of the band's lyrics, according to Hansi.
Due to the tsunami that struck Japan on March 11, 2011, Blind Guardian began working with their former record company, EMI|EMI Music, and auctioned off an exclusive studio session for two in the Twilight Hall Studio in Grefrath, Germany for charity in which 100% of proceeds would be donated to the tsunami relief efforts. The auction ended on April 22, 2011 with a final bid of £1,171.00.
Hansi Kürsch – Lead vocalist|lead vocals (1984–present), Bass guitar|bass (1984–1996)
André Olbrich – lead guitar, live Backing vocalist|backing vocals (1984–present)
Marcus Siepen – rhythm guitar, live backing vocals (1987–present)
Frederik Ehmke – Drum kit|drums, Percussion instrument|percussion, flute, bagpipes (2005–present)
Thomas Hackmann (studio) – backing vocals (1990–present)
Oliver Holzwarth (studio) – bass (1997–present), live member with backing vocals (1997–2011)
Olaf Senkbeil (studio) – backing vocals (1998–present)
Pat Bender (studio) – Keyboard instrument|keyboards, sound effects (2002–present)