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Garth Brooks

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Biography

Infobox musical artist| name = Garth Brooks| image = Garth_Brooks_at_We_Are_One.jpg| caption =| background = solo_singer| birth_name = Troyal Garth Brooks| Spouse = Trish Yearwood (2005-Present)| birth_date = birth date and age|1962|2|7| origin = Yukon, Oklahoma , U.S.| instrument = Vocals, guitar, piano, saxophone, harmonica| genre = country music|Country | occupation = Singer-songwriter| years_active = 1984�2001
2009�present| label = Capitol Records|Capitol Nashville , Liberty Records|Liberty , Big Machine Records|Big Machine | associated_acts = Chris Gaines , Trisha Yearwood ,Tommy Redmond, Steve Wariner , George Jones , Huey Lewis , Chris LeDoux , George Strait | website = URL|garthbrooks.com
Troyal Garth Brooks (born February 7, 1962), best known as Garth Brooks , is an American country music artist who helped make country music a worldwide phenomenon.cite web |url= http://news.google.com/newspapers? id=0LYxAAAAIBAJ& sjid=_OIFAAAAIBAJ& pg=1510,3298161& dq=billy+ray+cyrus+country+worldwide& hl=en |title=Country is No. 1 musical style |date=1992-08-19 |publisher=Reading Eagle |accessdate=2010-07-26cite web |url= http://news.google.com/newspapers? id=TjQfAAAAIBAJ& sjid=B88EAAAAIBAJ& pg=4760,3698051& dq=billy+ray+cyrus+country+worldwide& hl=en |title=Country music reflects the time |date=1992-09-27 |publisher=Herald-Journal |accessdate=2010-07-26cite news |url= http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/thestar/access/504338431.html? dids=504338431:504338431& FMT=ABS& FMTS=ABS:FT& type=current& date=Nov+25%2C+1993& author=Jack+Hurst& pub=The+Record& desc=Country+music+is+making+waves+across+the+seas& pqatl=google |title=Country music is making waves across the seas |date=1993-11-25 |publisher=thestar.com |accessdate=2010-07-26 | first=Jack | last=Hurst His eponymous first album was released in 1989 and peaked at number 2 in the US country album chart while climbing to number 13 on the Billboard 200 album chart. Brooks' integration of rock elements into his recordings and live performances has earned him immense popularity. This progressive approach allowed him to dominate the country single and album charts while quickly crossing over into the mainstream pop arena, exposing country music to a larger audience.citation | last = Johnson | first = Kevin C.| title = Country music may survive A.G. (After Garth)| newspaper = St. Louis Post-Dispatch | date = November 11, 2000 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=428 | accessdate = 2007-04-03

Brooks has enjoyed one of the most successful careers in popular music history, breaking records for both sales and concert attendance throughout the 1990s. Garth Brooks still continues to sell well and according to Nielsen Soundscan, his albums sales through October 2011 are at 68,551,000, which makes him the List of best-selling music artists in the United States|best-selling albums artist in the United States in the SoundScan era (since 1991), a title held since 1991, well over 5 million ahead of his nearest rival, The Beatles .cite web|url= http://new.music.yahoo.com/blogs/chart_watch/74426/week-ending-oct-23-2011-albums-casting-crowns-not-crowned/;_ylt=AoCn9pwJaLfK.S.IcEB56nIPwiUv |title=Week Ending Oct. 23, 2011. Albums: Casting Crowns Not Crowned |first=Paul |last=Grein |date=2011-10-26 |accessdate=2011-10-27 Furthermore, according to RIAA he is the List of best-selling music artists in the United States|second best-selling solo albums artist in the United States of all time behind Elvis Presley (overall is third to the Beatles and Elvis Presley) with 128 million units sold.cite web|url= http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php? table=tblTopArt |title=RIAA Top Selling Artists (only with the Albums) |publisher=RIAA |date= |accessdate=2010-04-04 Brooks has released six albums that achieved RIAA certification|diamond status in the United States, those being: Garth Brooks (album)|Garth Brooks (10� platinum), No Fences (17� platinum), '' Ropin' the Wind (14� platinum), The Hits (Garth Brooks album)|The Hits (10� platinum), Sevens (album)|Sevens (10� platinum) and Double Live (Garth Brooks album)|Double Live '' (21� platinum). http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php? table=SEARCH_RESULTS& artist=Garth%20Brooks& format=ALBUM& go=Search& perPage=50 RIAA Gold and Platinum Search for albums by Garth Brooks June 2, 2008 Since 1989, Brooks has released 19 records in all, which include; 9 studio albums, 1 live album, 4 compilation albums, 3 Christmas albums and 2 box sets, along with 77 singles. He won several important awards in his career as 2 Grammy Awards , 16 American Music Awards (not including the poll of "Artist of the '90s") and the Recording Industry Association of America|RIAA Award as Best selling solo albums artist of the Century in the United States. As of 2010, Brooks' world-wide sales now exceed 200 million http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/jive-talkin-why-robin-gibb-wants-more-respect-for-the-bee-gees-826116.html.

Troubled by conflicts between career and family, Brooks officially retired from recording and performing from 2001 until 2009. During this time he sold millions of albums through an exclusive distribution deal with Wal-Mart and has sporadically released new singles. In 2005, Brooks started a partial comeback, and has since given several performances and released two compilation albums.

On October 15, 2009, Garth Brooks announced the end of his retirement. In December 2009, he began a 5 year concert deal with the Encore Las Vegas|Encore Hotel and Casino on the Las Vegas Strip .

Early life


Garth Brooks was born on February 7, 1962 in Tulsa, Oklahoma . He was the youngest child of Troyal Raymond Brooks, a technical drawing|draftsman for an oil company, and Colleen Carroll, a 1950s-era country singer who recorded on the Capitol Records label and appeared on Ozark Jubilee .citation | last = McGraw | first = Marjie | title = Hitting 'Em in the Heart |newspaper= The Saturday Evening Post | date = December 2, 1992 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=1062 | accessdate = 2007-04-03citation| last = Pond | first = Steve | title = Garth Brooks | newspaper = Playboy | date = June 1, 1994 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=01136 | accessdate = 2007-04-23citation | last = Hilburn | first = Robert | title = The Amazing Garth-O-Matic& #33; | newspaper = Los Angeles Times | date = June 27, 1992 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=222 | accessdate = 2007-04-03 This was the second marriage for each of his parents, giving Garth four older half-siblings (Jim, Jerry, Mike, and Betsy). The couple had two children together, Kelly and Garth.Cox (2009), p. 4. At their home in Yukon, Oklahoma , the family hosted weekly talent nights. All of the children were required to participate, either by singing or doing skits.Cox (2009), p. 8. Brooks learned to play both the guitar and banjo.Cox (2009), p. 9.

As a child, he often sang in casual family settings but his primary focus was athletics. In high school, he played football and baseball and ran track and field. He received a track scholarship to Oklahoma State University�Stillwater|Oklahoma State University in Stillwater, Oklahoma|Stillwater , where he competed in the Javelin throw|javelin .citation | title = Trajectory of a Superstar | newspaper = Seattle Times | date = July 8, 1998 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=187 | accessdate = 2007-04-03 Brooks graduated in 1984 with a degree in advertising.

Later that year, Brooks began his professional music career, singing and playing guitar in Oklahoma clubs and bars, particularly the Tumbleweed in Stillwater. Through his elder siblings, Brooks was exposed to a wide range of music. Although he listened to some country music , especially that of George Jones , Brooks was most fond of rock music, citing James Taylor , Dan Fogelberg , and Townes Van Zandt as major influences. After hearing Unwound (song)|Unwound , George Strait 's debut single, in 1981, Brooks decided that he was more interested in playing country music.

In 1985, entertainment attorney Rod Phelps drove from Dallas to listen to Brooks. Phelps liked what he heard and offered to produce Garth's first demo. With Phelps's encouragement, including a list of Phelps' contacts in Nashville and some of his credit cards,See "Chicken Soup for the Country Soul", page 148 Brooks traveled to Nashville, Tennessee|Nashville to pursue a recording contract; he returned to Oklahoma within 24 hours. Phelps continued to urge Brooks to return to Nashville, which he did. In 1986, Brooks married Sandy Mahl, whom he had met while working as a bouncer (doorman)|bouncer . In 1987, the couple moved to Nashville, and Brooks began making contacts in the music industry. The couple later had three daughters: Taylor Mayne Pearl (born 1992), August Anna (born 1994) and Allie Colleen (born 1996). The couple divorced in 1999. Garth Brooks remarried on December 10, 2005 to Trisha Yearwood , a leading country singer.

Music career


Expand section|Critical reception, musical stylings|date=December 2008

1989�1990: Breakthrough success


Garth Brooks's Garth Brooks (album)|eponymous first album , was released in 1989 and was a critical and chart success. It peaked at number 2 in the US country album chart and reached number 13 on the Billboard 200 pop album chart. Most of the album was traditionalist country, influenced in part by George Strait . The first single, " Much Too Young (To Feel This Damn Old) ", was a country top 10 success. It was followed by his first country number-one, " If Tomorrow Never Comes ". "Not Counting You" reached number 2, and then " The Dance (Garth Brooks song)|The Dance " put him at number-one again; this song's theme of people dying while doing something they believe in resonated strongly and, together with a popular music video, gave Brooks his first push towards a broader audience. Brooks has claimed that of all the songs he has recorded, "The Dance" is his favorite.

His follow-up album, No Fences , was released in 1990 and spent 23 weeks as number-one on the Billboard country music chart.cite web | last = Erlewine | first = Stephen Thomas| title = Garth Brooks | publisher = Allmusic | date = | url = http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/bio/index.jsp? JSESSIONID=3TdXGv5K12xW3zLyqxytptQwvSRyC0vsDf9vHNRfX6npWkGlhncR!56452074& pid=2279 | accessdate = 2007-04-23 The album also reached number 3 on the pop chart, and eventually became Brooks's highest-selling album, with domestic shipments of 17 million.cite web | title = Gold and Platinum | publisher = RIAA | date = | url = http://www.riaa.com/gp/database | accessdate = 2007-04-23|archiveurl = http%3A//www.riaa.com/gp/database |archivedate = March 13, 2007dead link|date=February 2011 It contained what would become Brooks's signature song , the blue collar anthem " Friends in Low Places ", as well as two other Brooks classics, the dramatic and controversial " The Thunder Rolls " and the philosophically ironic " Unanswered Prayers ". Each of these songs, as well as the affectionate " Two of a Kind, Workin' on a Full House ", reached number-one on the country chart.
While Brooks's musical style placed him squarely within the boundaries of country music, he was strongly influenced by the 1970s singer-songwriter movement, especially the works of James Taylor (whom he idolized and named his first child after) and Dan Fogelberg .citation | last = Hurst | first = Jack | title = Garth Brooks Credits His Wife for Punching Up His Sagging Career |newspaper= Chicago Tribune | date = April 26, 1989 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=00248 | accessdate = 2007-04-23cite web | last = White | first = Timothy | title = James Taylor: Immense Singer, Considerable Cranium | publisher = MOJO |month=September | year=1997 | url = http://www.james-taylor.com/text/mojo9-97.shtml | accessdate = 2007-04-23 Similarly, Brooks was influenced by 1970s-era rock of Billy Joel , and Bruce Springsteen and the operatic rock of Queen (band)|Queen with Freddie Mercury . In his highly successful live shows, Brooks used a wireless headset microphone to free himself to run about the stage, adding energy and arena rock theatrics to spice up the normally staid country music approach to concerts. The hard rock band KISS (band)|KISS was also one of his earliest grade school musical influences and his shows often reflected this. Brooks said that the style of his show was inspired mostly by Chris LeDoux .citation | last = Pareles | first = Jon | title = Review/County; Garth Brooks, Genial Superstar, Plays for the Folks Up North | newspaper = The New York Times | date = September 7, 1992 | url = http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html? res=9E0CE6DA133DF934A3575AC0A964958260& n=Top%2fReference%2fTimes%20Topics%2fPeople%2fB%2fBrooks%2c%20Garth | accessdate = 2007-04-23

1991�93: ''Ropin' the Wind and The Chase


Brooks's third album, '' Ropin' the Wind , released in September 1991, had advance orders of 4 million copies and entered the pop album charts at number-one, a first for a country act. Ropin' the Wind'''s music was a melange of pop country and honky tonk music|honky tonk ; hits included Billy Joel's " Shameless (song)|Shameless ", " What She's Doing Now ", and " The River (Garth Brooks song)|The River ". All told, it became his second-best selling album after No Fences . The success of this album further propelled the sales of his first two albums, enabling Brooks to become the first country artist with three albums listed in the pop top 20 in one week.Citation | last =Phillips | first =Chuck | title = Garth Brooks Gets a Rope Around Prime-Time TV | newspaper=The Los Angeles Times | date=January 29, 1992 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=00205 | accessdate=2007-05-29

After spending time in Los Angeles during the 1992 Los Angeles riots|1992 riots , Brooks co-wrote the gospel-country-rock hybrid " We Shall Be Free " to express his desire for tolerance."Hunter, James. "Garth Brooks Takes a Cue from Rock," New York Times. October 11, 1992. The song became the first single off his fourth album The Chase (Garth Brooks album)|The Chase . It only reached number 12 on the country chart, his first song in three years to fail to make the top ten.citation | last = Gray | first = Timothy M. | title = That was the year that was: A wrap song for '92 | newspaper = Variety | date = December 10, 1992 | url= http://www.variety.com/article/VR102012.html? categoryid=4& cs=1& query=garth+brooks | accessdate = 2007-04-03 Nevertheless, the song often received standing ovation s when performed in concert, went to number 22 in the Christian charts through a marketing deal with Rick Hendrix Company, and earned Brooks a 1993 GLAAD Media Awards|GLAAD Media Award . http://gaytoday.badpuppy.com/garchive/entertain/040599en.htm GLAAD's Hollywood HotsheetCitation | last =Phillips | first =Chuck | title = Cut To The Chase, Garth Brooks Stands Alone at #1 | newspaper=The Los Angeles Times | date=September 30, 1992 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=00221 | accessdate=2007-05-29

1993�94: In Pieces


In 1993, Garth Brooks, who had criticized music stores which sold used CDs since it led to a loss in royalty payments, persuaded Capitol Records not to ship his August 1993 album In Pieces to stores which engaged in this practice. This led to several anti-trust lawsuits against the record label and ended with Capitol shipping the CDs to the stores after all.citation| last = Philips | first = Chuck | title = Garth Brooks' distributor says stores dealing in second hand goods can order his new album | newspaper = Los Angeles Times | date = August 8, 1993 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/gbnews/garth049.shtml | accessdate = 2007-03-16

Despite the delay in shipping the album to certain stores, In Pieces was another instant No. 1 success, selling a total of about 10 million copies worldwide. Some of his fans were upset, however, that the album was not released simultaneously around the world. In the United Kingdom, one of Brooks's most committed fan bases outside the United States, country music disc jockeys, such as Martin Campbell and John Wellington, noted that many fans were buying the album on import. This made it the first album to debut in the top 10 of the UK Country album charts before its official release date. Once officially released there, in 1994, the album reached the top spot on the UK Country chart and number two on the UK pop albums chart. That same year "The Red Strokes" became Brooks's first single to make the pop top 40 in the UK, reaching a high of No. 13; it was followed by " Standing Outside The Fire ", which reached No. 23. Previous albums No Fences , ''Ropin' The Wind and The Chase also remained in the top 30 in the UK.

To support the album, Brooks embarked on a 1994 UK tour, selling out venues such as Birmingham 's National Exhibition Centre and London's Wembley Arena . He opened the London radio station, Country 1035 and made a number of general television and radio appearances, where he was often mocked by the presenters. On ITV 's regional news show London Tonight , Brooks was described as "a top-selling, rooting tooting, cotton picking, Country and Western star, yeeha!" The nationwide The Big Breakfast|Big Breakfast show's presenters Chris Evans (presenter)|Chris Evans and Paula Yates , commented that "He's selling more records than anyone in the world, but none of us have ever heard of him." Yates then told Brooks that, "Country singers always seem to be weeping over the dead dog and things," and also remarked, "I thought you'd come in here and twiddle your pistol around and be impressed." Although Brooks remained polite, he did observe that Yates was obviously unfamiliar with modern country music. Scores of Brooks fans later wrote to complain about his treatment on the show. Sometime after this, Dwight Yoakam appeared on the same show and after Yates told him, "You seem different from other country singers we've had on the show," Yoakam replied, "What? All two of us? "

Despite the disdain of the British media, Brooks's overall popularity in the country was evident, with a top disc jockey, Nick Barraclough, referring to Brooks as Garth Vader (a play on Darth Vader ) for his "invasion" of the charts and his success in the country genre. Unlike Alan Jackson , who refused to return to the UK after being treated in a similar manner by the press, Brooks returned in 1996 for more sold-out concerts, although this time his media appearances were mostly restricted to country radio and interviews with magazine s.

Elsewhere in the world Brooks was also considered a star, and he enjoyed hit records and sell-out tours in regions including Brazil, throughout Europe, the Far East , New Zealand, and Australia.citation | last = Sandler | first = Adam | title = Year's top-grossing tour sealed with Kiss | newspaper = Variety | date = December 27, 1996 | url = http://www.variety.com/vstory/VR1117436237.html? categoryid=38& cs=1& query=garth+brooks | accessdate = 2007-04-03

In 1994 Brooks paid homage to one of his musical influences when he appeared on the hard rock compilation Kiss My Ass: Classic Kiss Regrooved , a collection of Kiss (band)|Kiss cover songs by popular artists from all genres. As the only country performer to participate, some worried that Brooks would turn his cover of the song originally sung by drummer Peter Criss , " Hard Luck Woman ", into a country song. Brooks instead insisted on remaining true to the song, and requested that the members of Kiss perform the music on the track, the only song on the album that the band musically contributed. The unlikely collaboration performed the song live on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno in promotion of Kiss My Ass: Classic Kiss Regrooved , and despite its hard-rock appeal, Brooks's version did appear on the country charts.

Pop Crossover success


1995�98: Success in the mid and late 90s


Brooks released Fresh Horses (album)|Fresh Horses , his first album of new material in two years, in November 1995; within six months of its release, it had sold over three million copies. Despite its promising start, Fresh Horses plateaued quickly, topping out at quadruple platinum.Erlewine, Stephen Thomas Allmusic|class=artist|id=p1535/biography|pure_url=yes Garth Brooks biography & profile All Music.com / Allmusic . Retrieved 6�23�08.
The album's lead single, " She's Every Woman " peaked at number-one on the Hot Country Songs|Billboard Country Chart , however its follow-up single, " Fever (Aerosmith song)|The Fever " (a cover of the Aerosmith song) only peaked at number 23, becoming Brooks's first released Country single to not chart on the Top 10. However, Brooks had three additional Top 10 hits from the album following the second single, including " The Beaches of Cheyenne ", that also hit number-one.

In 1997, Brooks released his seventh studio album, Sevens (album)|Sevens . Originally, it was scheduled to be released in August 1997, when he would promote it with a concert in Central Park . Plans went awry when Capitol Records experienced a huge management shakeup, leaving many of his contacts at the label out in the cold.
The album was then released in November 1997, and debuted at number-one on both the Top Country Albums and Billboard 200 album charts in the United States, and later became his fourth album to reach a sales of 10 million copies. Its first single was also Brooks's first duet, "In Another's Eyes" with friend and popular country singer, Trisha Yearwood . The song peaked at number 2 on the Country Charts. The album spawned three additional Top 10 Country hits, including two number-one hits between 1997 and 1998, " Two Pina Coladas " and " To Make You Feel My Love ", which also was a Top 10 hit on the Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks chart and was released on the soundtrack to the movie Hope Floats.

1999: Chris Gaines


In 1999 Brooks and his production company Red Strokes Entertainment, with Paramount Pictures , began to develop a movie in which Brooks would star. The Lamb was to have revolved around Chris Gaines , a fictional rock singer and his emotionally conflicted life as a musician in the public eye. To create buzz for the project, Brooks took on the identity of Gaines in the October 1999 album Garth Brooks in ... The Life of Chris Gaines , which was intended as a 'pre-soundtrack' to the film.cite news | title = Garth Brooks takes Chris Gaines on media rounds | publisher = CNN |date=September 30, 1999 | url = http://www.cnn.com/SHOWBIZ/Music/9909/30/garth.brooks/ | accessdate = 2007-04-03 Brooks also subsequently appeared as Gaines in a television mockumentary for the VH1 series Behind the Music and as the musical guest on an episode of Saturday Night Live which he hosted as himself.

Brooks's endless promotion of the album and the film did not seem to stir much excitement and the failure of the Chris Gaines experiment became fairly evident mere weeks after the album was released. Although critics admired Brooks for taking a musical risk, the majority of the American public was either totally bewildered, or completely unreceptive to the idea of Garth Brooks as anything but a pop-country singer.cite web | last = Erlewine | first = Stephen Thomas | title = In... The Life of Chris Gaines Review | publisher = Allmusic | date = June 13, 2005 | url = http://music.yahoo.com/read/review/14237942 | accessdate = 2007-04-03 Many of his fans also felt that by supporting the Gaines project they would lose the real Garth Brooks.citation | last = Johnson | first = Kevin C. | title = Garth Brooks Steps out of Character | newspaper = St. Louis Post-Dispatch |date=September 25, 1999 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=00346 | accessdate = 2007-04-03 Sales of the album were unspectacular and although it made it to number 2 on the pop album chart, expectations had been higher and retail stores began heavily discounting their oversupply.cite web | last = Goodman | first = Dean | title = Brooks Defends Latest Album, Despite Slow Sales | publisher = Reuters | date = January 16, 2000 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=360 | accessdate = 2007-04-03 Less than expected sales of the album (more than two million) and no further developments in the production of the film as a result brought the project to an indefinite hiatus in February 2001 and Gaines quickly faded into obscurity.cite web | title = The Lamb (2003) | publisher = Yahoo Movies |year=2002 | url = http://movies.yahoo.com/movie/preview/1808404802 | accessdate = 2007-04-03

Despite the less than spectacular response to the Chris Gaines project, Brooks gained his first � and only � US Top 40 pop single in " Lost in You (Chris Gaines song)|Lost in You ", the first single from the album.

2000�04: Official retirement


As his career flourished, Brooks seemed frustrated by the conflicts between career and family. He talked of retiring from performing in 1992citation | title = Garth Brooks Does What He Has To � Signing a Rich New Contract and Repairing L.A. | newspaper = The Los Angeles Times | date = January 23, 1993 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=00229 | accessdate = 2007-03-16 and 1995, but each time returned to touring. In 1999 Brooks appeared on The Nashville Network 's Crook & Chase program and again mentioned retirement.citation | last = Boehlert | first = Eric | title = Garth Brooks Ponders Retirement Amid Sales Slump | newspaper = Rolling Stone | date = December 16, 1999 | url = http://www.wholenote.com/default.asp? iTarget=http%3A//www.wholenote.com/news/item.asp%3Fi%3D116 | accessdate = 2007-03-16

On October 26, 2000, Brooks officially announced his retirement from recording and performing.cite web | last = Rosen | first = Craig | title = Garth Brooks Announces Retirement | publisher = Yahoo Music |date=October 26, 2000 | url = http://music.yahoo.com/read/news/12057103 | accessdate = 2007-03-16 Later that evening, Capitol Records saluted his achievement of selling 100 million albums in the US with a lavish party at Nashville's Gaylord Entertainment Center .

Brooks's final album, Scarecrow (Garth Brooks album)|Scarecrow , was released on November 13, 2001. The album did not match the sales levels of Brooks's heyday, but still sold comfortably well, reaching number-one on both the pop and country charts. Although he staged a few performances for promotional purposes, Brooks stated that he would be retired from recording and performing at least until his youngest daughter, Allie, turned 18. Despite ceasing to record new material between 2002 and (most of) 2005, Brooks continued to chart with previously recorded material, including a top 30 placing for "Why Ain't I Running" in 2003.

2005�08


In 2005 Brooks insisted that he was not touring and did not plan to record any new studio material until at least 2015. However, in August 2005 it was announced that Brooks had signed a deal with Wal-Mart , leasing them the rights to his back catalog following his split with Capitol.citation | title = Garth Brooks Leaves Label | newspaper = Country Weekly | date = June 6, 2005 | url = http://www.countryweekly.com/scoop/1154 | accessdate = 2007-03-16 Three months later, Brooks and Wal-Mart issued The Limited Series (2005 box set)|The Limited Series , a six-CD box set containing past material and a Lost Sessions disc with eleven previously unissued recordings. This set marked the first time in history that a musician had signed an exclusive music distribution deal with a single retailer.citation | last = Newman | first = Melinda | title = Garth Brooks Inks Exclusive Deal with Wal-Mart | newspaper = Billboard Magazine |date=August 19, 2005 | url = http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/article_display.jsp? vnu_content_id=1001018037 | accessdate = 2007-03-16 | format = � http://scholar.google.co.uk/scholar? hl=en& lr=& q=author%3ANewman+intitle%3AGarth+Brooks+Inks+Exclusive+Deal+with+Wal-Mart& as_publication=& as_ylo=& as_yhi=& btnG=Search Scholar search Dead link|date=April 2009 The set sold more than 500,000 physical copies on its issue date, proving that Brooks still had a large fan base. By the first week in December 2005, it had sold over 1 million physical copies.citation | title = Garth cracks a Million � again | newspaper = Country Weekly | date = December 8, 2005 | url = http://www.countryweekly.com/scoop/1607 | accessdate = 2007-03-16

Brooks took a brief break from retirement early in 2005 to perform for several charity causes. With Yearwood, he sang Creedence Clearwater Revival 's "Who'll Stop the Rain" on the Shelter from the Storm: A Concert for the Gulf Coast nationwide telethon for Hurricane Katrina relief.cite web | title = Shelter from the Storm: A Concert for the Gulf Coast | publisher = ABC |month=September | year=2005 | url = http://abc.go.com/specials/shelterfromthestorm.html | accessdate = 2007-03-16|archiveurl = http%3A//abc.go.com/specials/shelterfromthestorm.html |archivedate = September 12, 2007dead link|date=February 2011 He also released a new single, " Good Ride Cowboy ", as a tribute to his late friend, rodeo star and country singer, Chris LeDoux .cite press release| title = Garth Brooks Boxed Set is Single Biggest Music Event in Wal-Mart History | publisher =Wal-Mart | date = November 29, 2005 | url = http://www.walmart.com/catalog/garth/news_2005-11-29.jsp? dept=4104 | accessdate = 2007-03-16

In early 2006 Wal-Mart issued The Lost Sessions as a single CD apart from the boxed set, with extra tracks including a top 25 duet with Yearwood, "Love Will Always Win".citation | title = Garth's "Lost Sessions" Available Soon |newspaper = Country Weekly | date = January 16, 2006 | url = http://www.countryweekly.com/scoop/1638 | accessdate = 2007-03-16 The couple were later nominated for a "Best Country Collaboration With Vocals" Grammy Award for the song.

On August 18, 2007, Brooks announced plans for a new boxed set called The Ultimate Hits . The new set features two discs containing 30 hits, three new songs, and a DVD featuring music videos for each of these songs. The album's first single, " More Than a Memory ", was released to radio on August 27, 2007. http://www.gactv.com/gac/nw_headlines/article/0,,GAC_26063_5676932,00.html Garth Brooks Reveals New Music "More Than a Memory" debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart, becoming the highest-debuting single in the chart's history. The previous record had been set only one week earlier, when Kenny Chesney 's " Don't Blink " debuted at number 16. http://www.cmt.com/news/articles/1568955/20070905/brooks_garth.jhtml Garth Brooks Makes History at Country Radio

In November 2007, Brooks performed nine sold-out shows in Kansas City at the Sprint Center , which had opened a month prior. Originally scheduled to be only one show, the performance expanded to nine due to incredibly high demand, with all nine shows (equaling about 140,000 tickets) selling out in under two hours. http://www.livedaily.com/news/12935.html Garth Brooks expands concert plans The shows took place from November 5th to the 12th, with the final show on November 14th � the final show was simulcast to more than 300 movie theaters across the US. http://www.sprintcenter.com/default.asp? sprintcenter=98& objId=31 Garth Brooks to Play More than 300 Concerts Nationwide on One Night

2009�present: return to performing


On October 15, 2009, Brooks announced that he was coming out of retirement, to do weekend performances at Encore Las Vegas on the Las Vegas Strip. This arrangement has continued into the fall of 2011. This schedule will allow Brooks to continue during the week to have the family life for which he had retired, and to continue to perform on the weekend. On October 28, 2010, Garth announced he would do his first "arena" concert in Nashville since 1998. All proceeds benefits the Community Foundation in Middle Tennessee in support of all those Tennessee Residents affected by the disastrous flooding that occurred the weekend of May 2, 2010.

The financial terms of the agreement have not been announced, but Wynn did disclose that he gave Brooks access to a private jet to quickly transport him between Las Vegas metropolitan area|Las Vegas and his home in Oklahoma .

Garth's first weekend on shows in Vegas received positive reviews and was called the "antithesis of Vegas glitz and of the country singer's arena and stadium extravaganzas" by USA Today. The shows feature Brooks performing solo with his own guitar accompaniment, and include his own hits as well as songs that have influenced him. Artists covered in the show include Simon and Garfunkel , Bob Seger , Billy Joel , and Don McLean . His first performances at Encore Las Vegas coincided with his wedding anniversary, and his wife Trisha Yearwood joined him for two songs.

During a performance on August 19, 2011, Garth Brooks told his audience that once his youngest daughter is in college he will be "firing the tour back up."


Personal life


Brooks graduated from Oklahoma State University in Stillwater, where he starred on the track team. He was also a member of the Alpha Gamma Rho Fraternity, Pi chapter. He later completed his Master of Business Administration|MBA from Oklahoma State and participated in the commencement ceremony on May 6, 2011.cite web|url= http://www.indyposted.com/160857/garth-brooks-earns-masters-degree-attends-graduation-ceremony/|title=Garth Brooks Earns Masters Degree, Attends Graduation Ceremony|last=Johnson|first=James|publisher=indyposted.com|accessdate=2011-05-14

Brooks married his college sweetheart, songwriter Sandy Mahl, on May 24, 1986. They met when Garth was a bouncer at a bar. Brooks and Mahl separated in March 1999, announcing their plans to divorce on October 9, 2000 and filing for divorce on November 6, 2000.cite web | last = Rosen | first = Craig | title = Garth Brooks To Divorce | publisher = Yahoo Music |date=October 9, 2000 | url = http://music.yahoo.com/read/news/12054809 | accessdate = 2007-03-16cite news | title = Garth Brooks' divorce finalized | publisher = BBC News | date = December 18, 2001 | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1717257.stm | accessdate = 2007-03-16 The divorce became final in December 17, 2001. In the mid-1990s, many Tabloid (newspaper format)|tabloids reported throughout the decade that he was actually having an affair with longtime friend and collaborator Trisha Yearwood . The two have continually denied having had an affair.citation | last = MacDonald | first = Patrick | title = Garth and Trisha, A dynamic duo | newspaper = The Seattle Times | date = July 8, 1998 | url = http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=00185 | accessdate = 2007-03-16 Following Brooks's divorce, however, the pair did begin dating, and the couple wed on December 10, 2005, at their home in Oklahoma, marking the second marriage for Brooks and the third for Yearwood. They own houses in Goodlettsville, Tennessee ; Malibu, California ; and Port St. Lucie, FL , but primarily live on their ranch in Owasso, Oklahoma , a suburb of Tulsa, Oklahoma|Tulsa . http://www.bergproperties.com/blog/garth-brooks-and-trisha-yearwood-reportedly-purchase-a-3711-square-foot-malibu-ca-house-for-an-undisclosed-price-after-it-had-been-on-the-market-for-545m-and-also-for-495m/4135/celebrities Garth Brooks and Trisha Yearwood reportedly purchase a convert|3,711|sqft|m2|adj=on Malibu, CA house for an undisclosed price after it had been on the market for $5.45M and also for $4.9...

In 2000 Brooks attempted to donate part of his liver to country music contemporary, and close friend, Chris LeDoux ; however, it was found to be incompatible. LeDoux did receive a donor, but died in March 2005, due to complications from liver cancer.cite web|url= http://www.planetgarth.com/news/article.php? cid=00547|title=Chris LeDoux Back After Transplant |last=Gardner|first=Tom|publisher=Planet Garth.com|accessdate=2009-06-27

Setting records


The Recording Industry Association of America announced that Garth Brooks was the best-selling solo artist of the 20th century in America.
cite web |title = The American Recording Industry Announces its Artists of the Century | publisher = RIAA | date = November 10, 1999 | url = http://www.riaa.com/news/newsletter/press1999/111099.asp | accessdate = 2007-03-16 |archiveurl = http://www.riaa.com/news/newsletter/press1999/111099.asp |archivedate = March 11, 2007
This conclusion drew criticism from the press and many music fans who were convinced that Elvis Presley had sold more records, but had been short-changed in the rankings due to faulty RIAA certification methods during his lifetime.cite web | last = Quinn | first = Brian | coauthors = | title = Elvis' American Record Sales A Request for Action | publisher = Elvis World-Japan | url = http://www.biwa.ne.jp/~presley/elnews-ElvisRecordSales.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-16 Brooks, while proud of his sales accomplishments, stated that he too believed that Presley must have sold more.cite web | title = Is Elvis the Biggest Selling Recording Artist? |publisher = Elvis Information Network| url = http://www.elvisinfonet.com/elvisvsbeatlespart1.html | accessdate = 2007-03-16
The RIAA has since reexamined their methods for counting certifications. Under their revised methods, Presley became the best-selling solo artist in U.S. history, making Brooks the number two solo artist, ranking third overall, as The Beatles have sold more albums than either he or Presley.cite web | title = Top Artists | publisher = RIAA | date = July 31, 2006 | url = http://www.riaa.com/gp/bestsellers/topartists.asp | accessdate = 2007-03-16|archiveurl = http%3A//www.riaa.com/gp/bestsellers/topartists.asp |archivedate = March 4, 2007dead link|date=February 2011 The revision brought more criticism of the accuracy of the RIAA's figures, this time from Brooks' followers.

On November 5, 2007, Brooks was again named the best selling solo artist in US history, surpassing Presley, after audited sales of 123 million were announced.cite web|url= http://www.rollingstone.com/rockdaily/index.php/2007/11/06/garth-brooks-dethrones-elvis-as-best-seller-clapton-and-winwood-team-up-nirvana-music-secured-for-biopic/|title=Garth Brooks Dethrones Elvis as Best-Seller, Clapton and Winwood Team Up, Nirvana Music Secured for Biopic|publisher= Rolling Stone Magazine |accessdate=2009-06-27

In December 2010, several more of Presley's albums received certifications from the RIAA. As result, Elvis again surpassed Brooks.cite web|url= http://riaa.org/goldandplatinumdata.php? table=SEARCH_RESULTS|title=RIAA certifications for Elvis Presley|publisher=RIAA|accessdate=2011-02-03 As 2011, RIAA lists Presley's sales at 130.5 million and Brooks' sales at 128 million.cite web|url= http://riaa.org/goldandplatinum.php? content_selector=top-selling-artists|title=RIAA Top Selling Artists|publisher=RIAA|accessdate=2011-09-15

Charitable activities


In 1999, Garth Brooks began the Teammates for Kids Foundation citation | title = Teammates for kids homepage | url = http://www.teammatesforkids.com | accessdate = 2007-08-01 which provides financial aid to charities for children. The organization breaks down into three categories spanning three different sports.

  • Touch 'Em All Foundation � Baseball Division

  • Top Shelf � Hockey Division

  • Touchdown � Football Division


  • The foundation enlists players to donate a predetermined sum of money depending on their game performance. Brooks has participated in spring training for the San Diego Padres in 1998 and 1999, the New York Mets in 2000 and, most recently, with the Kansas City Royals in 2004 to promote his foundation. Starting during the 2008 season, fans at Royals games in Kauffman Stadium now sing along to " Friends in Low Places ".

    Brooks is also a fundraiser for various other charities, including a number of children's charities and famine relief. He has also donated at least $1 million to wildlife causes. It was announced that Garth would perform a charity concert on January 25 and 26, 2008 at the Staples Center for the victims of the recent :Category:Wildfires in California|California Wildfires . On December 1, tickets went on sale and sold out within minutes, prompting them to announce 3 more shows. All 5 L.A. shows sold out in less than 59 minutes. CBS aired the first of these concerts (January 25 at 9 pm) live, giving viewers a chance to donate to the Firefighters Relief efforts. http://www.garthbrooks.com/dialup/index.cfm? id=24& newsID=36 Garth Brooks Sells Out Five Los Angeles Shows

    In December 2010, Garth played 9 shows in less than a week in Nashville at Bridgestone Arena to benefit victims from the May 2010 Nashville flood. Over 140,000 tickets were sold and $5 million dollars raised.

    Awards


  • 2 Grammy Award s (total of 14 nominations)

  • 16 American Music Award s (not including the poll of Artist of the '90s won in 2000)

  • 11 Country Music Association|Country Music Association Awards

  • 18 Academy of Country Music|Academy of Country Music Awards

  • 5 World Music Awards

  • 10 People's Choice Awards

  • 24 Billboard Music Award s

  • 2 American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers|ASCAP Awards

  • 2 Blockbuster Awards

  • Academy of Country Music|Academy of Country Music Awards , Artist of the Decade (1990s)

  • Recording Industry Association of America , Artist of the Century (1900s)

  • 1 Radio Music Award

  • 2 Primetime Emmy Award nominations (Outstanding in a Variety of Music Program)

  • 1 Golden Globe Award|Golden Globe nomination (Best Original Song)

  • GLAAD Media Award for "We Shall Be Free"-1993

  • 1 CMT Music Awards nomination, Collaborative Video of the Year for "Workin' For A Livin'" With Huey Lewis (2008)

  • Academy of Country Music|Academy of Country Music Awards , inaugural "Crystal Milestone Award" honoring him as the top-selling country music artist in history, with album sales of over 128 million in the U.S. (2008)

  • 2 American Music Awards Nominations(2008):

  • Country Music � Favorite Male Artist
    Country Music � Favorite Album for "The Ultimate Hits"

    Discography


    Main|Garth Brooks discographycol-begincol-2;Studio albums
  • 1989: Garth Brooks (album)|Garth Brooks

  • 1990: No Fences

  • 1991: '' Ropin' the Wind

  • 1992: Beyond the Season

  • 1992: The Chase (Garth Brooks album)|The Chase

  • 1993: In Pieces

  • 1995: Fresh Horses (album)|Fresh Horses

  • 1997: Sevens (album)|Sevens

  • 1999: Greatest Hits (Chris Gaines album)|Garth Brooks...In the Life of Chris Gaines

  • 1999: Garth Brooks and the Magic of Christmas

  • 2001: Songs from Call Me Claus

  • 2001: Scarecrow (Garth Brooks album)|Scarecrow


  • col-2;Other albums/compilations
  • 1994: The Garth Brooks Collection

  • 1994: The Hits (Garth Brooks album)|The Hits

  • 1998: The Limited Series (1998 album)|The Limited Series

  • 1998: Double Live (Garth Brooks album)|Double Live

  • 2005: The Lost Sessions

  • 2007: The Ultimate Hits

  • col-end

    See also


  • List of best-selling music artists

  • List of best-selling music artists in the United States


  • References


    Reflist|2

    Sources


  • citation|last=Cox|first=Patsi Bale|title=The Garth Factor: The Career Behind Country's Big Boom|publisher=Center Street|location=New York|year=2009|isbn=978-1-59995-099-0


  • Further reading


  • citation|last=Feiler|first=Bruce S.|title=Dreaming Out Loud: Garth Brooks, Wynonna Judd, Wade Hayes, and the Changing Face of Nashville|year=1998|publisher=HarperCollins|isbn=9780380975785

  • citation|last=McCall|first=Michael|title=Garth Brooks: A Biography|year=1991|publisher=Bantam Books|isbn=9780553298239

  • citation|last=Mitchell|first=Rick|title=Garth Brooks:One of a Kind, Workin' on a Full House|publisher=Simon & Schuster|year=1993|isbn=9780671796884

  • citation|last=Morris|first=Ed|title=Garth Brooks: Platinum Cowboy|year=1993|publisher=St. Martin's Press|isbn=9780312087883

  • citation|last=O'Meilia|first=Matt|title=Garth Brooks: The Road Out of Santa Fe|publisher=University of Oklahoma Press|year=1997|isbn=9780585148809

  • citation|last=Sgammato|first=Jo|title=American Thunder: The Garth Brooks Story|publisher=Random House Publishing Group|year=2000|isbn=978034539505

  • citation|last=Smedley|first=Jenny|title=Souls Don't Lie|publisher=O Books Publishing|year=2006|isbn=9781905047833


  • External links


    wikiquotecommons category
  • Official website|www.garthbrooks.com

  • http://www.teammatesforkids.com/ Teammates for Kids Foundation official website

  • IMDb name|id=0004779|name=Garth Brooks


  • Garth BrooksBillboard Year-End number one albums 1990�2009
    Persondata | NAME =Brooks, Garth
    | ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
    | SHORT DESCRIPTION =Musician
    | DATE OF BIRTH =February 7, 1962
    | PLACE OF BIRTH = Tulsa, Oklahoma
    | DATE OF DEATH =
    | PLACE OF DEATH =
    DEFAULTSORT:Brooks, Garth Category:1962 births
    Category:Living people
    Category:People from Tulsa, Oklahoma
    Category:American Christians
    Category:American country singers
    Category:American country singer-songwriters
    Category:American male singers
    Category:American musicians of English descent
    Category:Grammy Award winners
    Category:Grand Ole Opry members
    Category:Musicians from Oklahoma
    Category:Oklahoma State University alumni
    Category:Juno Award winners
    Category:Pseudonymous musicians

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    Copyright Citations

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