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Infobox musical artist|name = Loretta Lynn|image = Loretta Lynn.jpg|caption = Loretta Lynn in concert in 2005|background = solo_singer|birth_name = Loretta Webb|alias = The Coal Miner's Daughter|Born = Birth date|1935|4|14(age 76) Butcher Hollow, Kentucky |Died =|instrument = singer|Vocals , Guitar |genre = Country music|Country , honky tonk , gospel music|gospel |occupation = Singer-songwriter, Actress author|years_active = 1960-present|label = Zero Records|Zero (1960) Decca Records|Decca/MCA (1961 - 1989) Columbia Records|Columbia (1993) Audium (2000) Interscope Records|Interscope (2004)|associated_acts = Ernest Tubb , Patsy Cline , Conway Twitty , Dolly Parton , Reba McEntire , Tammy Wynette , Jack White (musician)|Jack White , Crystal Gayle , Peggy Sue (singer)|Peggy Sue |website = http://www.lorettalynn.com/ Loretta Lynn Official Site Loretta Lynn (born Loretta Webb April 14, 1935) is an American country music singer-songwriter , author and philanthropy|philanthropist . Born in Butcher Hollow, Kentucky to a coal miner father, Lynn married at 13 years old, was a mother soon after, and moved to Washington (state)|Washington with her husband, Oliver Lynn . Their marriage was sometimes tumultuous; he had affairs and she was headstrong. Their experiences together became inspiration for her music.
When she was 24 years old, Lynn's husband bought her a guitar. She taught herself to play and cut her first record the next year. She became a part of the country music scene in Nashville in the 1960s, and in 1967 charted her first of 16 number 1 hits (out of 70 charted songs as a solo artist and a duet partner http://www.cmt.com/artists/az/lynn_loretta/bio.jhtml Loretta Lynn at CMT.com.) that include " Don't Come Home A' Drinkin' (With Lovin' on Your Mind) ", " You Ain't Woman Enough (song)|You Ain't Woman Enough ", " Fist City ", and " Coal Miner's Daughter (song)|Coal Miner's Daughter ". She focused on blue collar women's issues with themes of philandering husbands and persistent mistresses, and pushed boundaries in the conservative genre of country music by singing about birth control (" The Pill (song)|The Pill "), repeated childbirth (" One's on the Way "), double standards for men and women (" Rated "X" "), and being widowed by the draft during the Vietnam War (" Dear Uncle Sam "). Country music radio stations often refused to play her songs. Nonetheless, she became known as "The First Lady of Country Music" and continues to be one of the most successful vocalists of all time.
Her best-selling 1976 autobiography was made into an Academy Award winning film, '' Coal Miner's Daughter , starring Sissy Spacek and Tommy Lee Jones in 1980. Her most recent album, Van Lear Rose , was released in 2004, produced by Jack White (musician)|Jack White , and topping the country album charts. Lynn continues to tour and has received numerous awards in country and American music.
Childhood and early adulthood
Born to Melvin "Ted" Webb (1906�1959) and Clara Marie (Ramey) Webb (1912�1981) and named in honor of Loretta Young , http://www.kennedy-center.org/calendar/index.cfm? fuseaction=showIndividual& entitY_id=5729& source_type=A "About the Artist: Biography of Loretta Lynn". The Kennedy Center . Accessed 2007-02-04. Loretta was the second of eight children. Three of her siblings also pursued country careers�her youngest sister, Crystal Gayle , sister Peggy Sue and brother Jay Lee Webb. She is also, on her mother's side, distantly related to country singer Patty Loveless (n�e Patricia Ramey). Lynn grew up in Butcher Holler , a section of Van Lear, Kentucky|Van Lear , a mining community near Paintsville, Kentucky . Clara Ramey Webb was of Scots-Irish American|Scots-Irish and Cherokee ancestry. Her father, Ted, was a coal miner, storekeeper, and farmer.
She was married to Oliver Lynn|Oliver Vanetta Lynn , commonly known as "Doolittle," "Doo," or "Mooney" (for running moonshine ), on January 10, 1948. Oliver was 21 years old; Loretta was only twelve. Country Weekly staff writer (2002). http://www.countryweekly.com/stories/stats/37299 "Loretta Lynn" Country Weekly , accessed 2006-06-09. In an effort to break free of the coal mining industry, Lynn moved to the logging community Custer, Washington , with her husband, at the age of 12. The Lynns had six children - Betty Sue, Jack Benny, Cissy, Ernest Ray, and twins Peggy and Patsy (named after Patsy Cline ). Before her marriage, Loretta regularly sang at churches and in local concerts. After she married, she stopped singing in public, wishing rather to focus on her family life. Instead, she passed her love of music on to her children, often singing to them around the house. When Loretta was 24, Doolittle bought her a guitar as an anniversary present, which she taught herself to play. Citation needed|date=March 2011
Even though they were married for nearly 50 years and had six children together, the Lynns' marriage was reportedly rocky up to Doolittle's death in 1996. In her 2002 autobiography, Still Woman Enough , and in an interview with CBS News the same year, Lynn recounts how her husband cheated on her regularly and once left her while she was giving birth.cite news|url= http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/05/10/48hours/main508640.shtml |title=Legends: Loretta Lynn Tells All|work= CBS News |date=December 27, 2002|quote=Her autobiography recounts how once, in a drunken rage, he smashed many jars full of vegetables she had painstakingly canned.|accessdate=2007-02-04 Lynn and her husband also fought frequently, but, she said, "he never hit me one time that I didn�t hit him back twice".
1960 & ndash; 1966: Early country success
Lynn began singing in local clubs in 1959 and later formed her own band, The Trailblazers , which included her brother Jay Lee Webb. Lynn appeared in a televised Tacoma , Washington (U.S. state)|Washington talent contest, hosted by Buck Owens , which was seen by Norm Burley , one of the founders of Zero Records . http://www.lorettalynn.com/bio/ Van Lear Rose . LorettaLynn.com. Accessed 2007-02-04
Zero Records president Don Grashey arranged a recording session in Hollywood , where four of Lynn's own compositions were recorded: "I'm A Honky Tonk Girl", "Whispering Sea", "Heartache Meet Mister Blues", and "New Rainbow". Her first release featured "Whispering Sea" and "I'm A Honky Tonk Girl". Musicians backing her on the single included 17 dollar acoustic guitar ist Speedy West and guitarist Roy Lanham . With Zero's initial support, Lynn went on to become one of country music�s greats.
Lynn signed her first contract on February 1, 1960, with Zero Records . She recorded her first release in March of that year, with bandleader Speedy West on steel guitar, Harold Hensely on fiddle, Roy Lanham on guitar, Al Williams on bass, and Muddy Berry on drums. The material was recorded at United Western Recorders , in Hollywood and engineered by Don Blake and produced by Grashey."Honky Tonk Make Believe", Don Grashy - Co. Joseph Mauro,"MY RAMBLING HEART"(Washington. D.C., 1995), p. 45.
In 1960, under the Zero label, http://www.kochdistribution.com/catalog/moreAudio.aspx? fn=CoverArt& upc=684038811922& item=AUD-CD-8119& Muze=377039& title=Still+Country Koch Entertainment Loretta Lynn Biography. Lynn recorded "I'm A Honky Tonk Girl." The Lynns toured the country to promote the release to country stations, while Grashey and Del Roy took the music to KFRN|KFOX in Long Beach, California|Long Beach , California . When the Lynns reached Nashville, the song was a hit, climbing to #14 on Billboard's C & W Chart, and Lynn began cutting demo records for the The Wilburn Brothers|Wilburn Brothers ' Publishing Company. Through the Wilburns, Lynn was able to secure a contract with Decca Records . From the onset of her career fans took notice and rallied behind her all the way. In November of 1960 the first Loretta Lynn Fan Club was formed by Mary Ann Cooper of Decater,Ill. By the end of the year Billboard magazine listed Loretta Lynn as the #4 Most Promissing Country Female Artist.
Her relationship with the Wilburn Brothers and her appearances on the Grand Ole Opry , beginning in 1960, helped Lynn become the number one female recording artist in country music. Lynn's contract with the Wilburn Brothers gave them the publishing rights to her material. She was still fighting to regain these rights 30 years after ending her business relationship with them, but was ultimately denied the publishing rights. Lynn stopped writing music in the 1970s because of these contracts.
Although Kitty Wells had become the first major female country vocalist during the 1950s, by the time Lynn recorded her first record, only three other women - Patsy Cline , Skeeter Davis , and Jean Shepard - had become top stars. By the end of 1962, it was clear that Lynn was on her way to becoming the fourth. Lynn credits Cline as her mentor and best friend during those early years, and as fate would have it, Lynn would follow her as the most popular country vocalist of the early 1960s and 1970s.
Lynn released her first Decca single, "Success," in 1962, and it went straight to Number 6, beginning a string of Top 10 singles that would run through the rest of the decade and throughout the next. She was a hard honky-tonk singer for the first half of the '60s and rarely strayed from the genre. Between this time, Lynn soon began to regularly hit the Top 10 after 1964 with "Before I'm Over You", which peaked at #4, followed by "Wine, Women, and Song", which peaked at #3. In late 1964, Lynn also recorded a duet album with Lynn's idol and Country performer, Ernest Tubb . Their lead single, "Mr. and Mrs. Used to Be" peaked within the Top 15. Together, the pair recorded two more albums, "Singin' Again" (1967) and If we Put Our Heads Together (1969). In 1965, Lynn's solo career continued with three major hits that year, "Happy Birthday", "Blue Kentucky Girl" (later recorded and made a Top 10 hit in the 70s by Emmylou Harris ), and "The Home You're Tearing Down". Lynn's label issued two albums that year, Songs from My Heart and Blue Kentucky Girl . While most of these songs were Top 10 Country hits, none of them reached #1.
Her first self-penned song to crack the Top Ten, 1966�s "Dear Uncle Sam�, was among the very first recordings to recount the human costs of the Vietnam War. http://www.lorettalynn.com/bio/ Loretta Lynn biography Loretta Lynn.com ; retrieved 2008-04-28. In the latter half of the decade, although she still worked within the confines of honky tonk , her sound became more personal, varied, and ambitious, particularly lyrically. Beginning with 1966's Number 1 hit in Cash Box, "You Ain't Woman Enough", Lynn began writing songs with a feminist viewpoint, which was unheard of in country music. This song made Loretta Lynn the first country female recording artist to pen a #1 hit. http://www.cmt.com/artists/az/lynn_loretta/bio.jhtml Loretta Lynn Profile Country Music Television ; 2008-04-18.
1967 & ndash; 1980: Breakthrough success
In 1967, she reached #1 with " Don't Come Home A' Drinkin' (With Lovin' on Your Mind) ".Wolff, Kurt (2000). In Country Music: The Rough Guide. Orla Duane, Editor. London: Rough Guides Ltd. p. 311. Her album, ''Don't Come Home A-Drinkin , went to number one and became one of the first albums by a female country artist to reach sales of 500,000 copies. http://www.musicianguide.com/biographies/1608004026/Loretta-Lynn.html Loretta Lynn information Musician Guide.com ; retrieved 2008-04-28. Her next album, Fist City (album)|Fist City '' was released in 1968. The title track became Lynn's second #1 hit, as a single in earlier that year, and the other single from the album, "What Kind of a Girl (Do You Think I Am)" peaked within the Top 10. In 1968 her next studio album, Your Squaw Is on the Warpath spawned two Top 5 Country hits, the title track and "You've Just Stepped In (From Stepping Out on Me)". In 1969 her next single, "Woman of the World (Leave My World Alone)" was Lynn's third chart-topper, followed by a subsequent Top 10, "To Make a Man (Feel Like a Man)".
Lynn was reportedly once inspired to write a song about a real woman who she suspected was flirting with her husband. The song, "You Ain't Woman Enough (To Take My Man)" was an instant hit and became one of Lynn's all-time best. Despite some criticism, Lynn's openness and honesty drew fans from around the nation, including some who were not previously familiar with country music. Citation needed|date=March 2011 Lynn's career continued to be successful into the 1970s, especially following the success of Lynn's hit " Coal Miner's Daughter (song)|Coal Miner's Daughter ", which peaked at #1 on the Hot Country Songs|Billboard Country Chart in 1970. "Coal Miner's Daughter" tells the story of Lynn's life growing up in rural Butcher Hollow, Kentucky. The song would later serve as the impetus for the best-selling biography (1976) and the Oscar-winning biopic starring Sissy Spacek (1980), both of which share the song's title.(2006). Will the Circle Be Unbroken: Country Music In America. Paul Kingsbury & Alanna Nash, Editors. London: Rough Guides Ltd., p. 251 The song became Lynn's first single to chart on the Billboard Hot 100 , peaking at #83. Lynn would have a series of singles that would chart low on the Hot 100 between 1970 and 1975.
In 1971, she began a professional partnership with Conway Twitty . As a duo, Lynn and Twitty had five consecutive Number 1 hits between 1971 and 1975: " After the Fire Is Gone " (1971), " Lead Me On (Loretta Lynn & Conway Twitty song)|Lead Me On " (1971), " Louisiana Woman, Mississippi Man (song)|Louisiana Woman, Mississippi Man " (1973), " As Soon as I Hang Up the Phone " (1974), and " Feelins' " (1974). The hit-streak kick-started what would become one of the most successful duos of country history. For four consecutive years (1972�1975), Lynn and Twitty were named the "Vocal Duo of the Year" by the Country Music Association . In addition to their five Number 1 singles, they had seven other Top 10 hits between 1976 and 1981.
As a solo artist, Lynn's career continued to be very successful into 1971, achieving her fifth #1 solo hit, " One's on the Way ", written by poet and songwriter, Shel Silverstein . The songs that didn't reach the top spot peaked within the Top 10 during this time, " I Wanna Be Free (Loretta Lynn song)|I Wanna Be Free ", " You're Lookin' At Country " and 1972's "Here I Am Again", all released on separate albums. The next year, she became the first country star on the cover of Newsweek . http://www.countrypolitan.com/bio-loretta-lynn.php Loretta Lynn biography Countrypolitan.com ; retrieved 2008-04-18 In 1973, "Rated X" peaked at #1 on the Billboard Country Chart, and was considered one of Lynn's most controversial hits. The next year Lynn's next single, "Love Is the Foundation" also became a #1 Country hit from her album of the same name. The second and last single from that album, " Hey Loretta " became a Top 5 hit. Lynn continued to reach the Top 10 until the end of the decade, including with 1975's " The Pill (song)|The Pill ", considered to be the first song to discuss birth control , other than an obscure 1967 song in French, Pilule d'Or (The Golden Pill) by Luc Dominique , the former " Singing Nun ".
Her unique material, which sassily and bluntly addressed issues in the lives of many women (particularly in the Southern United States|South ), made her stand out among female country vocalists. As a songwriter, Lynn believed no topic was off limits, as long as it spoke to other women, and many of her songs were autobiographical. In the spring of 1976 Lynn released her autobiography, Coal Miner's Daughter, with the help of writer Geroge Vecsey. It became a #1 bestseller making Loretta Lynn the first country music artist to make the New York Times bestseller list. This opened the flood gate of country artists who would follow with books.
In 1977, Lynn recorded Tribute , an album to friend and Country-pop singer, Patsy Cline , who died in a plane crash in 1963. The album covered some of Cline's biggest hits. The two singles Lynn released from the album, " She's Got You " and "Why Can't He Be You" became major hits. "She's Got You", which formerly went to #1 by Cline in 1962, went to #1 again that year by Lynn. "Why Can't He Be You" peaked at #7 shortly afterward.
Lynn enjoyed enormous success on country radio until the early 1980s, when a more pop-flavored type of country music began to dominate the market. Lynn was able to stay within the country Top 10 up until the mid 1980's; however, most of her music by the late '70s had a slick pop sound to it. Lynn had her last Number 1 hit in early 1978 with her solo single, "Out of My Head and Back In My Bed." In 1979, Lynn had two Top 5 hits, "I Can't Feel You Anymore" and "I've Got a Picture Of Us on My Mind", each from separate albums.
Lynn would sit for an hour or more on a stage giving autographs to her fans after a performance. Once in Salisbury, Maryland , the town's newspaper editor interviewed her while she was signing autographs. Editor Mel Toadvine asked her why she took so much time to sign autographs while more than 100 people stood in line all the way to the front of the Wicomico Youth and Civic Center. "These people are my fans", she told Toadvine. "I'll stay here until the very last one wants my autograph. Without these people, I am nobody; I love these people", she said. Citation needed|date=March 2011 In 1979, she became the spokeswoman for Procter & Gamble's Crisco Oil, and did TV commercials and print ads for them for a full decade ending in 1989. Because of her dominant hold on the 1970's Loretta Lynn was named the "Artist of the Decade" by the Academy of Country Music. She is the first and only woman to ever win this honor.
1980 & ndash; 1989: Continued success
On March 5, 1980 ,Coal Miner's Daugher, the film, debuted in Nashville. The film soon became the #1 box office hit in American and Loretta Lynn crossed over from country music supertstar to American legend. The film starred Sissy Spacek as Loretta and Tommy Lee Jones as Mooney Lynn. This film also made Loretta Lynn the first living person to ever have a major motion picture made of their life. The film received seven Academy Award nominations winning a Best Actress Oscar for Sissy Spacek and a slew of other top honors including a gold album for the soundtrack album, a Grammy nomination for Spacek's singing as Lynn, a Country Music Association & Academy of Country Music awards plus several Golden Globe awards as well.
The 1980s featured more hits ("Pregnant Again", "Naked In The Rain", "Somebody Led Me Away"). http://www.countrypolitan.com/bio-loretta-lynn.php Loretta Lynn biography Countrypolitan.com ; retrieved 2008-04-28. Her 1980 and 1981 albums, Loretta and ''Lookin' Good'' spawned these hits. Lynn was the first woman in country music to have 50 Top 10 hits. Her last Top 10 record as a soloist was "I Lie" in 1982, but her releases continued to chart until the end of the decade. Lynn continued to have Top 20 hits throughout the 1980s. One of her last solo releases was 1985's "Heart Don't Do This to Me," which reached #19; her last Top 20 hit. In 1993, Lynn stopped releasing singles and focused more on touring than promoting. As a concert artist, she remained a top draw throughout her career, but by the early 1990s she drastically cut down the number of personal appearances due to the fragile health of her husband, who died in 1996.
Lynn's 1985 album, Just a Woman spawned a Top 40 hit. In 1987, Lynn lent her voice to a song on k.d. Lang 's album, Shadowland with other Country stars, Kitty Wells and Brenda Lee called "Honky Tonk Angels Medley". They released a video for this medley, the album went gold and was Grammy nominated for the four women.
Lynn's 1988 album Who Was That Stranger would be her last solo album for a major record company as a solo artist. She remained one of country music�s most popular and well-loved stars. She was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1988. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/lorettalynn/biography Loretta Lynn profile Rolling Stone.com . Accessed 2008-04-18.
1990 & ndash; present: Later music career
Lynn returned to the public eye in 1993 with a hit CD. The trio album Honky Tonk Angels , recorded with Dolly Parton and Tammy Wynette. The CD peaked at #6 on the Billboard Country charts and #68 on the Billboard Pop charts and charted a single with "Silver Threads and Golden Needles." They also released a popular video of this song. The album sold over 800,000 copies and was certified gold in the United States and Canada.The trio was also nominated for Grammy and Country Music Association awards. The following year released a three-CD boxed set chronicling her career on MCA Records. In 1995, she taped a seven-week series on the Nashville Network ( The Nashville Network|TNN ) titled Loretta Lynn & Friends , and performed about 50 dates that year as well. http://www.musicianguide.com/biographies/1608004026/Loretta-Lynn.html Loretta Lynn at Musician Guide.com.
In 1995, Loretta was presented with the Pioneer Award at the 30th Academy of Country Music Awards.
In 1996, Lynn was widowed. In 2000, Lynn released her first album in several years, entitled Still Country . In it, she included a song, "I Can't Hear the Music," as a tribute to her late husband. She also released her first new single in over 10 years from the album, "Country In My Genes", when the single charted on the Billboard Country singles chart it made Lynn the first woman in Country Music to chart singles in five decades. While the album gained positive critical notices, sales were low in comparison with her previous releases. In 2002, Lynn published her second autobiography, Still Woman Enough and it became her secord New York Times bestseller peaking in the top ten. In 2004, she published a cookbook, ''You're Cookin' It Country . Citation needed|date=March 2011
In 2004, Lynn made a comeback with the highly successful album Van Lear Rose , the second album on which Lynn either wrote or co-wrote every song. The album was produced by her "friend forever"Jancee Dunn of Rolling Stone Magazine (2004).The CD received two Grammy awards including Country Album of the Year. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/lorettalynn/articles/story/5993441/honkytonk_woman "Honky-tonk Woman" Rolling Stone Accessed 2006-06-29. Jack White (musician)|Jack White of The White Stripes , and featured guitar work and backup vocals by White. Her collaboration with White allowed Lynn to reach new audiences and generations, even garnering high praise in magazines that specialize in mainstream and alternative rock music, such as Spin magazine| Spin and Blender magazine| Blender ." http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/06/08/entertainment/main1693794.shtml? CMP=ILC-SearchStories Loretta Lynn Recovering From Surgery". CBS News. 8 June 2006; accessed 2007-02-04. Rolling Stone voted the album the second best of the year for 2004. (White has long been an admirer of Lynn and claims she is his favorite singer. He has covered several songs of hers, including the controversial "Rated X.")
Loretta Lynn is working on the follow-up to 2004's Van Lear Rose , plus a new CD of re-recorded versions of some of her hits over the past 45 years. She is hoping to release both CDs by the end of 2011.
In late 2010, Lynn released a new album titled '' Coal Miner's Daughter: A Tribute to Loretta Lynn '', featuring stars like Reba McEntire , Faith Hill , Paramore , and Carrie Underwood to re-record Loretta's hits over the past 45 years. The CD produced a top ten video hit on GAC with the lead single "Coal Miner's Daughter" that Lynn recorded with Miranda Lambert & Sheryl Crow . The single cracked the Billboard singles chart making Lynn the first female country recording artist to chart records in six decades.Citation needed|date=September 2011 The trio also received an Academy of Country Music , CMT Video and Country Music Association nominations.
Marriage and children
Lynn was married to Oliver Lynn|Doolittle "Doo" Lynn from 1948 until his death from diabetes in 1996. They were married in Kentucky three months shy of her 13th birthday. http://www.lorettalynn.com/bio/ accessed 2009-06-06. Lynn had four children before she turned 19, and then had twins in the early 60s: Peggy (Rita) and Patsy Lynn. Patsy Lynn was namesake|named in honor of Patsy Cline . Lynn's twin daughters formed their own Country music duo group, The Lynns , in 1998, released two singles off their debut album on Reprise Records , and were nominated for "Vocal Duo of the Year" by the Country Music Association. One of Lynn's granddaughters, Tayla, is one-third of the musical group Stealing Angels . http://stealingangels.com/content/biography Stealing Angels website
On July 22, 1984, Jack Benny Lynn, Loretta's eldest son, drowned while trying to ford the Duck River at the family ranch in Hurricane Mills, Tennessee . http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20088433,00.html "A Stricken Coal Miner's Daughter Mourns the Drowning of Her Favorite Son" People.com ; accessed 2009-09-20. He was 34 years old.
Lynn is the second of eight children. Some of her siblings, including Jay Lee Webb and Peggy Sue (singer)|Peggy Sue , have pursued short-lived country music careers in the past. The most successful of Lynn's siblings to gain success on the Country charts is Crystal Gayle , who is best-known for a series of Country-pop crossover ballads in the 1970s and 1980s, including the #1 Country and #2 Pop hit, " Don't It Make My Brown Eyes Blue ". Gayle had other #1 hits as well. Gayle and Lynn have previously toured together. Lynn is also distantly related to country singer Patty Loveless (n�e Patricia Ramey).
Current home and life
Lynn owns a ranch in Hurricane Mills, Tennessee , billed as "The 7th Largest Attraction in Tennessee," featuring a recording studio, museums, lodging, and other attractions. The ranch is centered around her large plantation home, along with a replica of her Butcher Holler cabin. She no longer lives in the plantation home, but tours of the house are available. In 2006, Lynn underwent shoulder surgery after injuring herself in a fall." http://www.metacritic.com/music/artists/lynnloretta/vanlearrose Loretta Lynn: Van Lear Rose (2004):Reviews". Metacritic. Accessed 2007-03-03.
Honors and awards
Main|List of Loretta Lynn awardsLynn has written over 160 songs and released 70 albums. She has had ten Number 1 albums and sixteen Number 1 singles on the country charts. Lynn has won dozens of awards from many different institutions, including four Grammy Awards , seven American Music Awards , eight Broadcast Music Incorporated awards, twelve Academy of Country Music , eight Country Music Association and twentysix fan voted Music City News awards. She was the first woman in Country Music to receive a certafied gold album for 1967's "Don't Come Home A Drinkin'"
In 1972, Lynn was the first woman named "Entertainer of the Year" by the Country Music Association , and is one of six women to have received CMA's highest award. She was named "Artist of the Decade" for the 1970s by the Academy of Country Music . Lynn was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1988 http://www.countrymusichalloffame.com/site/inductees.aspx? cid=141 Loretta Lynn . Country Music Hall of Fame . Accessed 2007-02-04. and the Country Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 1999. http://countrygospelmusic.com/platinumheart.htm County Gospel Music Hall of Fame. She was also the recipient of Kennedy Center Honors in 2003. Lynn is also ranked 65th on VH1 's 100 Greatest Women of Rock & Roll http://www.vh1.com/shows/dyn/the_greatest/62163/episode_wildcard.jhtml? wildcard=/shows/dynamic/includes/wildcards/the_greatest/women_list_full.jhtml& event_id=862762& start=21 100 Greatest Women of Rock & Roll . VH1.com. Accessed 2007-02-04. and was the first female country to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1977." http://www.tibp.com/cgi-bin/foxweb.dll/wlx/dir/wlxdirectory? cc=WOFAME Hollywood Walk of Fame directory". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Accessed 2007-02-04.
In 2001, "Coal Miner's Daughter" was named among NPR 's "100 Most Significant Songs of the 20th Century". In 2002, Lynn had the highest ranking #3 for any living female CMT television's special of the 40 Greatest Women of Country Music , hosted by Billy Campbell . At Number 1 was Lynn's friend and mentor, Patsy Cline and Tammy Wynette at #2.
Celebrating Women's History Month 2004 at the http://kdla.ky.gov/resources/KYCapitol_pg3.htm State Capitol Rotunda in Frankfort, Kentucky , the http://women.ky.gov Kentucky Commission on Women honored Loretta Lynn as an outstanding role model. Her http://www.lyneart.com/KYWOMEN4.HTM portrait by Alison Lyne hangs in the Kentucky Women Remembered exhibit in the West Wing of the Capitol.
On November 4, 2004, Lynn, who has been a BMI affiliate for over 45 years, was honored as a Broadcast Music Incorporated|BMI Icon at the BMI Country Awards.cite web|url= http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/234244|title=Shania Twain, Toby Keith, Casey Beathard Lead Winners at 2004 BMI Country Awards|publisher=bmi.com|accessdate=2010-10-01
On March 17, 2007, Berklee College of Music presented Lynn an Honorary Doctorate of Music degree for her contribution to the world of country music. The degree was presented to her on stage at the Grand Ole Opry. In 2008 Loretta Lynn was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in New York City. To date Lynn has been inducted into more music Halls Of Fame than any other female recording artist. 2010 saw the country music icon receiving the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award for her 50 years in country music. Citation needed|date=June 2010 Loretta Lynn appeared at the 44th Annual Country Music Awards on November 10, 2010 and was honored for fifty years in country music.cite web|url= http://www.tvguide.com/tvshows/44th-annual-cma-awards/307881|title=Country Music Awards|date=2010-11-04|publisher=TVGuide.com Also that year, Lynn was also presented with a rose named in her honour.cite web|last=Lynn|first=Loretta|title=New Rose Named for Loretta Lynn|url= http://www.lorettalynn.com/50/? p=1133|work=Article|publisher=Sony Music Nashville|accessdate=13 July 2011 The ' http://www.selectroses.ca/naming-notable/loretta-lynn-van-lear-rose/ Loretta Lynn Van Lear Rose' was hybridized by Canadian rose hybridizer, http://www.selectroses.ca/about-brad/ Brad Jalbert.
In November 2010 Sony Music released a long over due tribute CD to Loretta Lynn titled: Coal Miner's Daughter A Tribute To Loretta Lynn. The CD featured Kid Rock, Reba McEntire, Sheryl Crow, Miranda Lambert, Alan Jackson, Gretchen Wilson,The White Stripes, Martina Mc Bride, Paramore,Steve Earl, Faith Hill. In 2011 Lynn was nominated for an Academy of Country Music, CMT Video and Country Music Association award for "Vocal Event of the Year" with Miranda Lambert and Sheryl Crow for "Coal Miner's Daughter" released as a video and single off the CD '' Coal Miner's Daughter: A Tribute to Loretta Lynn . Today Loretta Lynn is the "Most Awarded Lady In Country Music History."citation needed|date=May 2011
Controversies and Politics
At the height of her popularity, Lynn was subject to much controversy. She possibly had more banned songs than any other artist in the history of country music, Citation needed|date=June 2008 including " Rated "X" ," about the double standards divorced women face, " Wings Upon Your Horns ," about the loss of teenage virginity, and " The Pill ", lyrics by T. D. Bayless, about a wife and mother becoming liberated via the combined oral contraceptive pill|birth control pill . Her song, "Dear Uncle Sam", released in 1966 during the Vietnam War , describes a wife's anguish at the loss of a husband to war. It has been included in live performances during the current Iraq War .
Though Lynn has been outspoken about her views on often-controversial social and political subjects, she stated, "I don't like to talk about things where you're going to get one side or the other unhappy. My music has no politics." http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/l/loretta_lynn.html She has visited the White House six times since 1976, under both Republican and Democratic presidents, http://www.uncommonmusic.org/2009/concert/loretta-lynn-paramount-theatre-co/ and in her autobiography, she said her father was a Republican and her mother was a Democrat. In 2002's Still Woman Enough , she discusses her longtime friendship and support for Jimmy Carter ,Loretta Lynn, Still Woman Enough: A Memoir (New York: Hyperion, 2002) yet during the same time period she made her only recorded political donations ($4,300) to Republican candidates and Republican-aligned Political action committee|PAC s. She is known to have a friendly relationship with both George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush , who awarded her Kennedy Center Honors in 2003 http://www.lorettalynn.com/news/archive/archive.html At other times, she has also questioned both political parties: "Dear Uncle Sam" was written in 1966 during the Lyndon B. Johnson administration to "recount the human costs of the Vietnam War ", and she made a return to her live sets during the Iraq War under George W. Bush 's presidency.
While a recognized "advocate for ordinary women", she is also famously suspicious of the Women's Liberation movement. http://www.lorettalynn.com/bio Loretta Lynn biodata She once stated, "I'm not a big fan of Women's Liberation, but maybe it will help women stand up for the respect they're due." Along these lines, her music has spanned from " The Pill (song)|The Pill " and "Rated X" to more culturally-conservative gospel albums. http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/l/loretta_lynn_2.html
Main|Loretta Lynn discography ;Studio Albums: Div col|cols=2
1963: Loretta Lynn Sings
1964: '' Before I'm Over You
1965: Songs from My Heart
1965: Hymns (Loretta Lynn album)|Hymns
1965: Blue Kentucky Girl (Loretta Lynn album)|Blue Kentucky Girl
In The Country of Country: A Journey to the Roots of American Music, Nicholas Dawidoff, Vintage Books, 1998. ISBN 0-375-70082-X
Are You Ready for the Country: Elvis, Dylan, Parsons and the Roots of Country Rock, Peter Dogget, Penguin Books, 2001. ISBN 0-14-026108-7
Dreaming Out Loud: Garth Brooks, Wynonna Judd, Wade Hayes and the changing face of Nashville, Bruce Feiler, Avon Books, 1998. ISBN 0-380-97578-5
Official website| http://www.lorettalynn.com/
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php? storyId=1390274 Loretta Lynn's Radio appearance on " The Motley Fool "
http://www.countrymusichalloffame.com/site/inductees.aspx? cid=141 Loretta Lynn at the Country Music Hall of Fame
http://www.opry.com/MeetTheOpry/Members.aspx? id=83 Loretta Lynn at the Grand Ole Opry
http://www.vanlear.org/ Official Website of the Van Lear, Kentucky Historical Society, Inc.
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/02/08/60II/main672415.shtml? CMP=ILC-SearchStories 60 Minutes II interview with Loretta Lynn and Jack White
S-startS-ach|awS-bef|before= Johnny CashS-ttl|title= Americana Music Association|AMA Album of the Year (artist) |years=2004S-aft|after= Buddy Miller S-bef|before= Johnny CashS-ttl|title= Americana Music Association|AMA Artist of the Year |years=2004S-aft|after= John PrineS-endLoretta LynnKennedy Center Honorees Persondata | NAME = Lynn, Loretta | ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Webb, Loretta (birthname) | SHORT DESCRIPTION = Singer-songwriter, author, activist | DATE OF BIRTH = April 14, 1932 | PLACE OF BIRTH = Butcher Holler, Kentucky , U.S. | DATE OF DEATH = | PLACE OF DEATH = DEFAULTSORT:Lynn, Loretta Category:1932 births Category:American country singers Category:American country singer-songwriters Category:American female guitarists Category:American female singers Category:American people of Scotch-Irish descent Category:American singer-songwriters Category:Appalachian culture Category:Country Music Hall of Fame inductees Category:Decca Records artists Category:Feminist musicians Category:Grammy Award winners Category:Grand Ole Opry members Category:History of women in Kentucky Category:Kennedy Center honorees Category:Living people Category:Musicians from Kentucky Category:People from Johnson County, Kentucky Category:People from Whatcom County, Washington Category:Songwriters from Kentucky Category:Writers from Kentucky