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Redirect|Sound Garden|the art installation|A Sound GardenInfobox musical artist| name = Soundgarden| image = Soundgarden July 2011.jpg| alt =| caption = Soundgarden performing live in July 2011. (L-R: Matt Cameron , Kim Thayil , Chris Cornell , Ben Shepherd .)| image_size = 250| landscape = yes| background = group_or_band| origin = nowrap| Seattle , Washington (state)|Washington , USA| genre = Alternative rock , alternative metal , grunge | years_active = Start date|1984�1997, 2010�present| label = Sub Pop , SST Records|SST , A& M Records|A& M , Interscope Records|Interscope | associated_acts = Temple of the Dog , Hater (band)|Hater , Wellwater Conspiracy , The No WTO Combo , Alice Mudgarden , Audioslave , Pearl Jam , Truly | current_members = Chris Cornell Kim Thayil Matt Cameron Ben Shepherd | past_members = Hiro Yamamoto Scott Sundquist Jason Everman | website = URL|www.soundgardenworld.com Soundgarden is an American grunge band formed in Seattle , Washington (state)|Washington in 1984 by singer Chris Cornell , lead guitarist Kim Thayil , and bassist Hiro Yamamoto . Matt Cameron became the band's full time drummer in 1986, while bassist Ben Shepherd became a permanent replacement for Yamamoto in 1990.
Soundgarden was one of the seminal bands in the creation of grunge , a style of alternative rock that developed in Seattle, and was one of a number of grunge bands signed to the record label Sub Pop . Soundgarden was the first grunge band to sign to a major label ( A& M Records , in 1988), though the band did not achieve commercial success until they popularized "grunge" in the early 1990s with Seattle contemporaries Nirvana (band)|Nirvana , Alice in Chains and Pearl Jam .
Soundgarden achieved its biggest success with the 1994 album Superunknown , which debuted at number one on the Billboard (magazine)|Billboard charts and yielded the Grammy Award -winning singles " Black Hole Sun " and " Spoonman ". In 1997, the band broke up due to internal strife over its creative direction. After several years working on projects and other bands, Soundgarden reunited in 2010 and is currently working on a new album, which is slated for release in October 2012.cite web|url= http://legacy.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx? mode=Article& newsitemID=175423 |title=KIM THAYIL Says New SOUNDGARDEN Album Is Being Mastered |publisher=BlabberMouth.net |date=2012-06-14 |accessdate=2012-06-14
As of 2010, Soundgarden had sold over 9 million records in the United States,cite web | url= http://riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php? resultpage=1& table=SEARCH_RESULTS& artist=Soundgarden& startMonth=1& endMonth=1& startYear=1958& endYear=2008& sort=Artist& perPage=25 | title=Gold and Platinum Database Search | work= Recording Industry Association of America|RIAA | accessdate=2007-02-12 and an estimated 21 million worldwide.cite web | url= http://www.vh1.com/artists/news/502068/09251998/soundgarden.jhtml | title = Ex-Soundgarden Singer Chris Cornell Plows Ahead With Solo Debut | date = September 25, 1998 | accessdate = 2008-01-19 | author = Kaufman, Gil | publisher = VH1|VH1.com
Formation and early recordings (1984�1988)
Soundgarden's origins can be found in a band called The Shemps, which performed around Seattle in the early 1980s,cite book | last = Anderson | first = Kyle | title = Accidental Revolution | publisher = St. Martin's Griffin | location = New York | year = 2007 | isbn = 0-312-35819-9 |pages=112�116 and featured bassist Hiro Yamamoto and drummer and singer Chris Cornell . Following Yamamoto's departure, the band recruited guitarist Kim Thayil as its new bassist. Thayil had moved to Seattle from Park Forest, Illinois , with Yamamoto and Bruce Pavitt , who would later start the independent record label Sub Pop .DeRogatis, Jim. Milk It!: Collected Musings on the Alternative Music Explosion of the 90s . Cambridge: Da Capo, 2003. ISBN 0-306-81271-1, pg. 69 Cornell and Yamamoto stayed in contact, and after The Shemps broke up Cornell and Yamamoto started jam session|jamming together, and were eventually joined by Thayil.
Soundgarden was formed in 1984 by Cornell (drums and vocals), Yamamoto (bass), and Thayil (guitar). The band named themselves after a wind-channeling pipe sculpture, " A Sound Garden ", located on National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration property at 7600 Sand Point Way next to Magnuson Park (Seattle)|Magnuson Park , Seattle."Nirvana and the Story of Grunge". Q (magazine)|Q . pg. 102. December 2005. Cornell originally played drums while singing, but in 1985 the band enlisted Scott Sundquist to allow Cornell to concentrate on vocals.George-Warren, Holly, Patricia Romanowski, and Jon Pareles. The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll . Rolling Stone Press. 2001. ISBN 0-671-43457-8. The band traveled around playing various concerts with this line-up for about a year. Their first recordings were three songs that appeared on a 1986 compilation album for C/Z Records called Deep Six (album)|Deep Six . It also featured songs by fellow grunge pioneers Green River (band)|Green River , Skin Yard , Malfunkshun , The U-Men , and The Melvins . In 1986, Sundquist left the band to spend time with his family, and was replaced by Matt Cameron , the drummer from Skin Yard .
KEXP-FM|KCMU DJ Jonathan Poneman was impressed after seeing Soundgarden perform one night, later saying, "I saw this band that was everything rock music should be."Azerrad, Michael. Our Band Could Be Your Life . Little Brown and Company, 2001. ISBN 0-316-78753-1, pg. 422 Poneman offered to fund a release by the band, so Thayil told him to team up with Bruce Pavitt. Poneman offered to contribute $20,000 in funding for Sub Pop, effectively turning it into a full-fledged record label.Berkenstadt, Jim, and Charles R. Cross. Classic Rock Albums: Nevermind . Schirmer, 1998. ISBN 0-02-864775-0, pg. 19 Soundgarden signed to Sub Pop, and the label released " Hunted Down " in 1987 as the band's first single. The A-side and B-side|B-side of the "Hunted Down" single, "Nothing to Say", appeared on the KCMU compilation tape Bands That Will Make Money , which was distributed to record companies, many of whom showed interest in Soundgarden.Gilbert, Jeff. "Primecuts: Kim Thayil". Guitar School . May 1994. Through Sub Pop, the band released the Screaming Life EP (format)|EP in 1987, and the Fopp (EP)|Fopp EP in 1988. A combination of the two was issued as Screaming Life/Fopp in 1990.
Debut album, major label signing, and rift with audience (1988�1990)
Listen|filename = HandsAllOver.OGG |title = "Hands All Over" |description = "Hands All Over" "combines an Eastern-tinged rock riff in an extended arrangement . Guitars chime on a single note amongst a wash of cymbal s, Cornell doing his best ' Adhan|Islamic call ', while Thayil foreshadows the vocal melody with a lilting lick."cite web|url=Allmusic|class=song|id=t2768763|pure_url=yes|title=Hands All Over song review|last=Maginnis|first=Tom|work=Allmusic|accessdate=January 12, 2010
Though the band was being courted by major labels, in 1988 it signed to the smaller label SST Records for its debut album, Ultramega OK , released on October 31, 1988. Cornell said that the band "made a huge mistake with Ultramega OK " since they used a producer suggested by SST who "didn't know what was happening in Seattle.""Yeah& #33; I'm a Moody Bastard". Kerrang! . August 19, 1995.Alexander, Phil. "Soundgarden". RAW (magazine)|Raw . 1989. On that album, Soundgarden demonstrates, according to Steve Huey of Allmusic , a " The Stooges|Stooges / MC5 -meets- Led Zeppelin|Zeppelin / Black Sabbath|Sabbath sound."Huey, Steve. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll? p=amg& sql=A7waqoaqabijv "Ultramega OK"Dead link|date=January 2011|bot=CactusBot. Allmusic . Retrieved on July 22, 2009. The band's first music video, " Flower (Soundgarden song)|Flower ", was directed by Mark Miremont , and aired regularly on MTV 's 120 Minutes . Soundgarden supported Ultramega OK with a tour in the United States in the spring of 1989 and a tour in Europe, which began in May 1989 and was the band's first overseas tour."Haughty Culture". Kerrang! . April 8, 1989. Ultramega OK earned the band a Grammy Award nomination for Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance|Best Metal Performance in 1990.cite news | url = http://theenvelope.latimes.com/factsheets/awardsdb/env-awards-db-search,0,7169155.htmlstory? searchtype=all& query=soundgarden | title = Awards Database | publisher = Los Angeles Times | accessdate = 2008-08-02
After touring in support of Ultramega OK the band signed with A& M Records , which caused a rift between Soundgarden and its traditional audience. Thayil said, "In the beginning, our fans came from the punk rock crowd. They abandoned us when they thought we had sold out the punk tenets, getting on a major label and touring with Guns N' Roses . There were fashion issues and social issues, and people thought we no longer belonged to their scene, to their particular sub-culture."Gilbert, Jeff. "Soundgarden". Guitar World . December 1995. The band subsequently began work on its first album for a major label, and personnel difficulties caused a shift in the band's songwriting process, according to Cornell: "At the time Hiro Yamamoto had excommunicated himself from the band and there wasn't a free-flowing system as far as music went, so I ended up writing a lot of it.""Colour Me Badmotorfinger!". RAW (magazine)|Raw . October 30, 1991. On September 5, 1989, the band released its second album, Louder Than Love , which saw the band take "a step toward the heavy metal mainstream," according to Steve Huey of Allmusic , describing "a slow, grinding, detuned mountain of Sabbath/Zeppelin riffs and Chris Cornell wailing."Huey, Steve. http://allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll? p=amg& sql=A3kq2g4sttv3z "Louder Than Love"Dead link|date=January 2011|bot=CactusBot. Allmusic . Retrieved on July 22, 2009. Because of some of the lyrics, most notably on " Hands All Over (Soundgarden song)|Hands All Over " and "Big Dumb Sex", the band faced various retail and distribution problems upon the album's release.Barber, Patrick. "Soundgarden". Pit . 1990. Louder Than Love became the band's first album to chart on the Billboard 200| Billboard 200 , peaking at number 108 on the chart in 1990.
A month before touring for Louder Than Love commenced, bassist Hiro Yamamoto, who was becoming frustrated that he wasn't contributing much,"How Does Your Garden Grow? " Sounds (magazine)|Sounds . October 21, 1989. left to go back to college.Loera, Carlos. "Soundgarden". Loud . 1990. He was replaced by Jason Everman , formerly of Nirvana (band)|Nirvana . The band toured North America from December 1989 to March 1990, opening for Voivod (band)|Voivod , which was supporting their album Nothingface (album)|Nothingface tour, with Faith No More also serving as an opening act at the beginning and end of the tour. The band then went on to tour Europe. Bassist Jason Everman was fired immediately after Soundgarden completed its promotional tour for Louder Than Love in mid-1990; Thayil said that "Jason just ''didn't'' work out."Neely, Kim. "Soundgarden: The Veteran Band from Seattle Proves There's Life After Nirvana". Rolling Stone . July 9, 1992. Louder Than Love spawned the EP Loudest Love and the video compilation Louder Than Live , both released in 1990.
Established lineup, censorship, and rise in popularity (1991�1993)
Listen|filename = JesusChristPose.OGG |title = "Jesus Christ Pose" |description = 'Jesus Christ Pose' "starts with a kind of free-jazz throwdown and moves quickly into the realm of rockdom."cite journal |last=Spencer |first=Lauren |date=October 1991 |title=Platter du Jour: Badmotorfinger |journal= Spin (magazine)|Spin
Bassist Ben Shepherd replaced previous bassist Jason Everman and the new line-up recorded Soundgarden's third album in 1991. Cornell said that Shepherd brought a "fresh and creative" approach to the recording sessions,"'Garden of Eden". Kerrang! . August 31, 1991. and the band as a whole said that his knowledge of music and writing skills redefined the band. The resulting album, Badmotorfinger , was released on October 8, 1991. Steve Huey of Allmusic said that the songwriting on Badmotorfinger "takes a quantum leap in focus and consistency." He added, "It's surprisingly cerebral and arty music for a band courting mainstream metal audiences."Huey, Steve. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll? p=amg& sql=Agcx1z82ajyv8 "Badmotorfinger"Dead link|date=January 2011|bot=CactusBot. Allmusic . Retrieved on July 22, 2009. Thayil suggested that the album's lyrics are "like reading a novel about man's conflict with himself and society, or the government, or his family, or the economy, or anything.""Soundgarden". Guitar for the Practicing Musician . December 1992. The first single from Badmotorfinger , " Jesus Christ Pose ", garnered attention when MTV decided to ban its corresponding music video in 1991. Many listeners were outraged by the song and its video, perceiving it as anti-Christian. The band received death threats while on tour in the United Kingdom in support of the album."I Don't Care About Performing for 20,000!". RAW (magazine)|Raw . September 15, 1993. Cornell explained that the lyrics criticize public figures who use religion (particularly the image of Jesus|Jesus Christ ) to portray themselves as being persecuted.Magnuson, Ann. "Sub Zep? ". Spin (magazine)|Spin . February 1992. Although overshadowed at the time of its release by the sudden popularity of Nirvana's Nevermind , the focus of attention brought by Nevermind to the Seattle scene helped Soundgarden gain wider attention.Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Allmusic|class=artist|id=p5483|pure_url=yes Soundgarden". Allmusic . Retrieved on June 13, 2005. The singles " Outshined " and " Rusty Cage " were able to find an audience at alternative rock radio and MTV. Badmotorfinger was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 1992. The album was among the 100 top selling albums of 1992.Lyons, James. Selling Seattle: Representing Contemporary Urban America . Wallflower, 2004. ISBN 1-903354-96-5Please check ISBN|reason=Check digit (5) does not correspond to calculated figure., pp. 136
Following the release of Badmotorfinger , Soundgarden went on a tour in North America that ran from October 1991 to November 1991. Afterward, the band took a slot opening for Guns N' Roses in North America on the band's Use Your Illusion Tour . Soundgarden was personally selected by Guns N' Roses as its opening band.Sherry, James. "Soundgarden". Metal Hammer . December 1991. The band took a slot opening for Skid Row (American band)|Skid Row in North America in February 1992 on the band's Slave to the Grind tour,Jones, Alison F. "Pounding for Pot: Soundgarden's Matt Cameron". High Times . July 1992. and then headed to Europe for a month-long headlining theater tour. The band returned for a tour in the United States and subsequently rejoined Guns N' Roses in the summer of 1992 in Europe as part of the Use Your Illusion Tour along with fellow opening act Faith No More. Regarding the time spent opening for Guns N' Roses, Cornell said, "It wasn't a whole lot of fun going out in front of 40,000 people for 35 minutes every day. Most of them hadn't heard our songs and didn't care about them. It was a bizarre thing." The band would go on to play the 1992 Lollapalooza tour with the Red Hot Chili Peppers , Pearl Jam , and Ministry (band)|Ministry , among others. In anticipation of the band's appearance at Lollapalooza, a limited edition of Badmotorfinger was released in 1992 with a second disc containing the EP Satanoscillatemymetallicsonatas (a palindrome ), featuring Soundgarden's cover of Black Sabbath 's " Into the Void (Black Sabbath song)|Into the Void ", titled "Into the Void ( Chief Seattle|Sealth )", which was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 1993. The band later released the video compilation Motorvision , which was filmed at the Paramount Theatre (Seattle, Washington)|Paramount Theatre in 1992. The band also made an appearance in the movie Singles (1992 film)|Singles performing " Birth Ritual ". The song appeared on the Singles (soundtrack)|soundtrack , as did a Cornell solo song, "Seasons".
In 1993, the band contributed the track "Show Me" to the AIDS-Benefit Album No Alternative produced by the Red Hot Organization .
Breakthrough album and mainstream success (1994�1995)
Listen|filename = BlackHoleSun.OGG |title = "Black Hole Sun" |description = "With its weepy, vibrato-guitar arpeggio s and spare drums, the verses on 'Black Hole Sun' pave the way for a gloriously pounding metallic chorus."cite journal|last=Ashare|first=Matt|date=March 4, 1994|title=Bloom time|journal= The Boston Phoenix
Soundgarden began working on its fourth album after touring in support of Badmotorfinger . Cornell said that while working on the album, the band members allowed each other more freedom than on past records,Thompson, Dave. "I Slept With Soundgarden and Other Chilling Confessions". Alternative Press (music magazine)|Alternative Press . March 1994. and Thayil observed that the band spent a lot more time working on the actual recording of the songs than on previous records."Let's Make a Grunge Album!". RAW (magazine)|Raw . December 8, 1993. Released on March 8, 1994, Superunknown became the band's breakthrough album, driven by the singles " Spoonman ", " The Day I Tried to Live ", " Black Hole Sun ", " My Wave ", and " Fell on Black Days (song)|Fell on Black Days "; Superunknown debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,301554,00.html "Changing of the Garden". Entertainment Weekly . March 25, 1994. Retrieved on May 2, 2004. The songs on Superunknown captured the creativity and heaviness of the band's earlier works, while showcasing the group's newly evolving style. Lyrically, the album was quite dark and mysterious, and it is often interpreted to be dealing with substance abuse, suicide, and depression. Cornell was inspired by the writings of Sylvia Plath at the time.Lanham, Tom. "In Search of the Monster Riff". Pulse! . March 1994. The album was also more experimental than previous releases, with some songs incorporating Middle-Eastern or Indian music. J. D. Considine of Rolling Stone said Superunknown "demonstrates far greater range than many bands manage in an entire career." He also stated, "At its best, Superunknown offers a more harrowing depiction of alienation and despair than anything on In Utero ."Consideine, J. D. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/soundgarden/albums/album/112428/review/5942536/superunknown "Soundgarden: Superunknown ". Rolling Stone . July 31, 1997. Retrieved on July 22, 2009. The music video for "Black Hole Sun" became a hit on MTV and received the award for MTV Video Music Award for Best Rock Video|Best Metal/Hard Rock Video at the 1994 MTV Video Music Awards cite web | url= http://www.vh1.com/artists/news/501000/19980903/soundgarden.jhtml | title = Soundgarden's Kim Thayil | date = September 4, 1998 | accessdate = 2009-03-02 | author = Tortorici, Frank | publisher = VH1|VH1.com and in 1995 it received the Clio Awards|Clio Award for Alternative Music Video.cite web| url= http://www.clioawards.com/archive/index.cfm |title=Clio Awards Search Archive |publisher=clioawards.com |accessdate=2008-02-20 Soundgarden won two Grammy Awards in 1995; "Black Hole Sun" received the award for Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock Performance|Best Hard Rock Performance and "Spoonman" received the award for Best Metal Performance. Superunknown was nominated for a Grammy Award for Grammy Award for Best Rock Album|Best Rock Album in 1995.cite news| url= http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html? res=990CE2DD113CF935A15751C0A963958260 |title=Pop View; Playing Grammy Roulette |publisher=The New York Times |author=Pareles, Jon |accessdate=2008-08-03 | date=February 26, 1995 Superunknown has been certified RIAA certification|five times platinum in the United States and remains Soundgarden's most successful album.
The band began touring in January 1994 in Oceania and Japan ,Neely, Kim. " http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/soundgarden/articles/story/5924586/cover_story_into_the_unknown Into the Superunknown". Rolling Stone . June 16, 1994. Retrieved on May 3, 2008. areas where the record came out early"Soundgarden: No Hype Allowed". The Music Paper . July 1994. and where the band had never toured before.Smith, Chris. "Down in a Hole". RAW (magazine)|Raw . August 17, 1994. This round of touring ended in February 1994, and then in March 1994 the band moved on to Europe. They began a theater tour of the United States on May 27, 1994,"Soundgarden Won't Be Staying Superunknown". USA Today . March 11, 1994. with the opening acts Tad (band)|Tad and Eleven (band)|Eleven . In late 1994, after touring in support of Superunknown , doctors discovered that Cornell had severely strained his vocal folds|vocal cords , and Soundgarden canceled several shows to avoid causing any permanent damage. Cornell said, "I think we kinda overdid it& #33; We were playing five or six nights a week and my voice pretty much took a beating. Towards the end of the American tour I felt like I could still kinda sing, but I wasn't really giving the band a fair shake. You don't buy a ticket to see some guy croak for two hours& #33; That seemed like kind of a rip off.""Black Hole Sons!". Kerrang!. August 12, 1995. The band would make up the dates later in 1995.Atkinson, Peter. "Soundgarden: From Superunknown to Superstars". Jam . May 24, 1996. Superunknown spawned the EP Songs from the Superunknown and the CD-ROM Alive in the Superunknown , both released in 1995.
5th Album, internal conflicts and breakup (1996�1997)
Listen|filename = BurdenInMyHand.OGG |title = "Burden in My Hand" |description = 'Burden in My Hand' "recalls the classic psychedelia of Cream's Wheels of Fire or Led Zeppelin's Led Zeppelin III "cite journal|last=Considine|first=J. D. |authorlink=J. D. Considine |date=June 11, 1996|title=Down on the Upside review|journal= The Baltimore Sun |url= http://news.google.com/newspapers? id=BposAAAAIBAJ& sjid=qfwDAAAAIBAJ& pg=6454,193275& dq=burden-in-my-hand+soundgarden& hl=en|accessdate=January 12, 2010Dead link|date=October 2010|bot=H3llBot
Following the worldwide tour in support of Superunknown , the band members began working on what would become their final album, having chosen to produce the record themselves.Blush, Steven. "Soundgarden". Seconds . 1996. However, tensions within the group reportedly arose during the sessions, with Thayil and Cornell allegedly clashing over Cornell's desire to shift away from the heavy guitar riffing that had become the band's trademark.Colopino, John. "Soundgarden Split". Rolling Stone . May 29, 1997. Cornell said, "By the time we were finished, it felt like it had been kind of hard, like it was a long, hard haul. But there was stuff we were discovering."Appleford, Steve. "Soundgarden". Ray Gun (magazine)|Ray Gun . June 1996. The band's fifth album, Down on the Upside , was released on May 21, 1996. The album was notably less heavy than the group's preceding albums, and marked a further departure from the band's grunge roots; Soundgarden explained at the time that it wanted to experiment with other sounds,Turman, Katherine. "Soundgarden: Seattle's Sonic Boom". Hypno . 1996. which included Acoustic music|acoustic instrumentation : David Browne of Entertainment Weekly said, "Few bands since Led Zeppelin have so crisply mixed instruments both acoustic and electric."Browne, David. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,292725,00.html "Down on the Upside". Entertainment Weekly . May 24, 1996. Retrieved on July 22, 2009. The overall mood of the album's lyrics is less dark as on previous Soundgarden albums, with Cornell describing some songs as "self-affirming."True, Everett. "Soundgarden". Melody Maker . May 25, 1996. The album spawned several singles, including " Pretty Noose ", " Burden in My Hand ", and " Blow Up the Outside World ". "Pretty Noose" was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock Performance in 1997.cite news| url= http://www.cnn.com/SHOWBIZ/9702/grammy/other.categories/rock.html | archiveurl= http://www.cnn.com/SHOWBIZ/9702/grammy/other.categories/rock.html | archivedate=2007-09-12 |title=Grammy Nominees for Other Rock and Alternative Categories |publisher= CNN|CNN.com |accessdate=2008-08-04 Despite favorable reviews and modest sales, the album did not match the sales or praise of Superunknown .
The band took a slot on the 1996 Lollapalooza tour with Metallica , who had insisted on Soundgarden's appearance on the tour.Bell, Max. "Soundgarden - Like Falling Off a Hog." Blah Blah Blah . June 1996. After Lollapalooza, the band embarked on a worldwide tour,Waters, Rodney. "Getting Down with Soundgarden". Hit Parader . October 1996. and already-existing tensions increased during that tour. When asked whether the band hated touring, Cornell replied "We really enjoy it to a point, and then it gets tedious, because it becomes repetitious. You feel like fans have paid their money and they expect you to come out and play them your songs like the first time you ever played them. That's the point where we hate touring.""Gardener's Question Time". Kerrang! . March 1, 1997. At the tour's final stop in Honolulu, Hawaii|Honolulu , Hawaii on February 9, 1997, Shepherd threw his bass into the air in frustration after suffering equipment failure, and subsequently stormed off the stage."Nirvana and the Story of Grunge", pg. 100. The band retreated, with Cornell returning to conclude the show with a solo encore.Berger, John. "'Garden' of supersonic delight". Honolulu Star-Bulletin . February 10, 1997. On April 9, 1997, the band announced it was disbanding. Thayil said, "It was pretty obvious from everybody's general attitude over the course of the previous half year that there was some dissatisfaction."Gilbert, Jeff. "Sound of Silence". Guitar World . February 1998. Cameron later said that Soundgarden was "eaten up by the business."cite news | url= http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2009/aug/13/pearl-jam | title=Pearl Jam: 'People get that this means something' | accessdate=2009-08-13 | author=Simpson, Dave | publisher=The Guardian | date=2009-08-13 | location=London Soundgarden's final release, a greatest hits collection entitled A-Sides , was released on November 4, 1997. The album includes 17 songs, including one previously-unreleased song titled " Bleed Together ". The track had been recorded during the Down on the Upside recording sessions.
Post-breakup activities (1998�2009)
Cornell released a solo album in September 1999, entitled Euphoria Morning , which featured Matt Cameron on the track "Disappearing One". Later, in 2001, Cornell formed the supergroup Audioslave with Tom Morello , Tim Commerford and Brad Wilk , then-former members of Rage Against the Machine , which recorded three albums ( Audioslave (album)|Audioslave (2002), Out of Exile (2005), and Revelations (Audioslave album)|Revelations (2006)). Cornell left Audioslave in early 2007, resulting in the band's break-up.cite news|url= http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1552582/20070215/audioslave.jhtml|title=Chris Cornell talks Audioslave split, nixes Soundgarden reunion|last=Harris|first=Chris|date=February 15, 2007|work=MTV News|publisher=MTV Networks|accessdate=January 10, 2010 His second solo album, Carry On (Chris Cornell album)|Carry On , was released in June 2007 and his third solo album, Scream (Chris Cornell album)|Scream , produced by Timbaland , was released in March 2009, both to mixed commercial and critical success. http://www.metacritic.com/music/artists/cornellchris/carryon? q=chris%20cornell Carry On by Chris Cornell. Metacritic . Retrieved on July 22, 2009. http://www.metacritic.com/music/artists/cornellchris/scream? q=chris%20cornell Scream by Chris Cornell. Metacritic. Retrieved on July 22, 2009. In 2009 Cornell also provided the vocals for "Promise" on Slash (musician)|Slash 's debut solo album Slash (album)|Slash .
Thayil joined forces with former Dead Kennedys singer Jello Biafra and former Nirvana bassist Krist Novoselic and drummer Gina Mainwal for one show, performing as The No WTO Combo during the World Trade Organization|WTO ministerial conference in Seattle on December 1, 1999. Thayil later contributed guitar tracks to Steve Fisk 's 2001 album, 999 Levels of Undo , as well as Dave Grohl 's 2004 side-project album, Probot . In 2006, Thayil played guitar on the album Altar (album)|Altar , the collaboration between the bands Sunn O))) and Boris (band)|Boris .
Cameron initially turned his efforts to his side-project Wellwater Conspiracy , to which both Shepherd and Thayil have contributed. He then worked briefly with The Smashing Pumpkins on the band's 1998 album, Adore (The Smashing Pumpkins album)|Adore . In 1998, he stepped in on drums for Pearl Jam's Yield Tour following Jack Irons 's health problems, and subsequently joined Pearl Jam as an official member; he has recorded four albums as the band's drummer ( Binaural (album)|Binaural (2000), Riot Act (album)|Riot Act (2002), Pearl Jam (album)|Pearl Jam (2006), and Backspacer (2009)). Cameron also played percussion on Geddy Lee 's album My Favourite Headache .
Shepherd was the singer on Wellwater Conspiracy's 1997 debut studio album, Declaration of Conformity , but left the band in 1998. He has toured with Mark Lanegan and played bass on two of Lanegan's albums, '' I'll Take Care of You (1999) and Field Songs '' (2001). Shepherd and Cameron lent a hand with recording Tony Iommi 's album Iommi (album)|IOMMI (2000); they were part of the side-project band Hater (band)|Hater while they were members of Soundgarden and in 2005 Shepherd released the band's long-delayed second album, The 2nd .
In a July 2009 interview with Rolling Stone , Cornell shot down rumors of a reunion, saying that conversations between the band members had been limited to discussion about the release of a box set or B-sides album of Soundgarden rarities, and that there had been no discussion of a reunion at all.cite web | url= http://www.rollingstone.com/rockdaily/index.php/2009/07/08/chris-cornell-says-soundgarden-talking-b-sides-box-set-releases/ | title = Chris Cornell Says Soundgarden Talking B Sides, Box Set Releases | date = 2009-07-08 | accessdate = 2009-07-08 | author = Harris, Chris | publisher = Rolling Stone On October 6, 2009, all the members of Soundgarden attended Night 3 of Pearl Jam's four-night stand at the Gibson Amphitheatre in Universal City, CA. During an encore, Temple of the Dog reunited for the first time since Pearl Jam 's show at the Santa Barbara Bowl on October 28, 2003. Chris Cornell joined the band to sing " Hunger Strike (song)|Hunger Strike ". It was the first public appearance of Soundgarden together since their breakup in April 1997. Consequently, rumors of an impending reunion were circulating on the internet.cite web|author=Daniel Kreps |url= http://www.rollingstone.com/rockdaily/index.php/2009/10/07/temple-of-the-dog-reunite-at-pearl-jams-los-angeles-concert/ |title=Soundgarden 2009 Reunion |publisher=Rollingstone.com |date=2009-10-07 |accessdate=2011-11-02
Reunion and subsequent releases (2010�present)
On January 1, 2010, Cornell alluded to a Soundgarden reunion via his Twitter , writing: "The 12-year break is over and school is back in session. Sign up now. Knights of the Soundtable ride again!" The message linked to a website that features a picture of the group performing live and a place for fans to enter their e-mail addresses to get updates on the reunion. Entering that information unlocks an archival video for the song "Get on the Snake", from Soundgarden's second studio album, 1989's Louder Than Love .cite news |url= http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1628964/20100104/soundgarden.jhtml |title=Soundgarden's Chris Cornell announces reunion |last=Kaufman |first=Gil |date=January 4, 2010 |work=MTV News |publisher=MTV Networks |accessdate=January 10, 2010 On March 1, 2010, Soundgarden announced to the people who signed their e-mail subscribers that they are re-releasing an old single "Hunted Down" with the song "Nothing to Say" on a 7-inch vinyl released on April 17 only at Record Store Day . Also, they released "Spoonman" live at the Del Mar Fairgrounds in San Diego, California from 1996. Soundgarden played its first show since 1997 on April 16 at the Showbox at the Market in the band's hometown of Seattle.cite web|url= http://www.billboard.com/events/reunited-soundgarden-to-do-seattle-club-1004083608.story? tag=hpfeed#/events/reunited-soundgarden-to-do-seattle-club-1004083608.story? tag=hpfeed|title=Reunited Soundgarden To Do Seattle Club Show|publisher=Billboard.com|first=Monica|last=Herrera|date=April 15, 2010|accessdate=June 22, 2010 The band headlined Lollapalooza on August 8. cite news |url= http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.Net/news.aspx? mode=Article& newsitemID=138016 |title=It's Official: Reunited Soungarden Among Lollapalooza Headliners |date=April 5, 2010 |publisher= Blabbermouth.net |accessdate=April 5, 2010
Telephantasm|Telephantasm: A Retrospective , a new Soundgarden compilation album, was packaged with initial shipments of the Guitar Hero: Warriors of Rock video game and released on September 28, 2010.cite news|url= http://www.usatoday.com/life/lifestyle/2010-08-03-soundgarden03_ST_N.htm|title=Soundgarden's 'Telephantasm' gets 'Guitar Hero' welcome|last=Snider|first=Mike|date=August 2, 2010|work= USA Today |accessdate=August 3, 2010 This is the first time a retail music CD has been packaged with a video game, and is one week before the same CD is available in stores on October 5, 2010. An expanded version of Telephantasm consisting of two CDs and one DVD is currently available for sale.A previously unreleased Soundgarden song�" Black Rain (Soundgarden song)|Black Rain "�debuted on the Guitar Hero video game and appears on the compilation album.cite news|url= http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/17386/117166|title=Unreleased Soundgarden Track Due on 'Guitar Hero'|last=Kreps|first=Daniel|date=June 15, 2010|work= Rolling Stone |accessdate=July 20, 2010 The compilation album achieved platinum certification status after its first day of retail availability.Cite news|url= http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/music_blog/2010/09/soundgarden-scores-instant-platinum-on-guitar-hero-warriors-of-rock.html|title=Soundgarden scores instant platinum on guitar hero warriors of rock|publisher=Los Angeles Times "Black Rain" hit rock radio stations on August 10, 2010. It became the band's first single since 1997.
Soundgarden was the second musical guest on the show Conan (TV series)|Conan , making it their first television appearance in 13 years.cite news|url= http://www.teamcoco.com/blog/web-exclusive-soundgarden-performs-on-conan|title=Web Exclusive Soundgarden Performance& #33; |accessdate=November 9, 2010
In November 2010, Soundgarden released a special edition http://www.recordstoreday.com Record Store Day Black Friday 7-inch vinyl called http://www.recordstoreday.com/Page/958 The Telephantasm for independent record stores. The vinyl features two previously unreleased tracks, " The Telephantasm (song)|The Telephantasm " and a live version of "Gun". Soundgarden released their first live album, Live on I-5 , on March 22.cite web | url= http://www.upvenue.com/article/1259-soundgarden-to-release-first-live-album-ever.html | title=Soundgarden to Release First Live Album � EVER | date=14 January 2011 | accessdate=2010-01-14 | work=UpVenueupdate after|2011|03|22 In February 2011 it was announced on Soundgarden's homepage that they had started recording new albumcite web | url= http://www.soundgardenworld.com/news/2011-02-15/our-goal-2011-lets-make-record | title=Our goal for 2011 � Let's Make a Record| date=15 February 2011 | accessdate=2011-02-15 On March 1, 2011, Chris Cornell confirmed that Adam Kasper would produce the new album.cite web|url= http://www.spin.com/articles/chris-cornell-talks-new-soundgarden-album|title=Chris Cornell Talks New Soundgarden Album|author=William Goodman|publisher=Spin|date=March 1, 2011 Four days later, the band stated it would consist of material that was "90 percent new" and the rest consisting of updated versions of older ideas. They also noted that they had 12 to 14 songs that were "kind of ready to go".cite web|url= http://www.nme.com/news/soundgarden/55297 |title=Soundgarden's new album will feature 'updated old material' � NME |publisher=Nme.com |date=2011-03-05 |accessdate=2011-11-02 Although Cameron claimed the album would be released in 2011,cite web|url= http://grungereport.net/? p=4358 |title=Blog Archive � New Soundgarden Album Will Be Finished By The End Of May |publisher=GrungeReport.net |date=2011-04-29 |accessdate=2011-07-08 the recording was prolonged as Thayil said that "the more we enjoy it, the more our fans should end up enjoying it.".cite news| url= http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/05/14/us-soundgarden-idUSTRE74D0F020110514 | work=Reuters | title=Soundgarden reunion fell into place by chance | date=May 14, 2011cite web|url= http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx? mode=Article& newsitemID=158206 |title=BLABBERMOUTH.NET - SOUNDGARDEN Guitarist Says New Album Won't Surface Before 2012 |publisher=Roadrunnerrecords.com |date= |accessdate=2011-07-08 Thayil also reported that some songs sound "similar in a sense to Down on the Upside " and that the album would be "picking up where we left off. There are some heavy moments, and there are some fast songs."cite web|url= http://grungereport.net/? p=5312 |title=Blog Archive � Kim Thayil Says New Soundgarden Album Has Elements Of Down On The Upside & Led Zeppelin |publisher=GrungeReport.net |date=2011-06-21 |accessdate=2011-07-08 The next day, Chris Cornell reported that the new album would not be released until the spring of 2012.
In April 2011, Soundgarden announced a summer tour consisting of four dates in July. Soundgarden also was headliner for Voodoo Experience at City Park in New Orleans Halloween weekend 2011. cite web|url= http://thevoodooexperience.com/2011/ |title=VOODOO Music Experience 2011 :: Worship the Music :: October 28.29.30 |publisher=Thevoodooexperience.com |date= |accessdate=2011-07-08
It was announced in March 2012 via the band's official Facebook page that they would be including a new song on the soundtrack of the upcoming movie The Avengers (2012 film)|The Avengers , based on the franchise by Marvel Comics . The song will be titled " Live to Rise " and marks the first newly recorded song that the band have released since reforming in 2010. " Live to Rise " was released as a free download on iTunes April 17, 2012.cite web|url=https://www.facebook.com/Soundgarden/posts/321881314540760 |title=Here's an exclusive... |publisher=Facebook |date= |accessdate=2012-03-29 Also in March it was announced that Soundgarden will headline the Friday night of the Hard Rock Calling Festival in July 2012.cite web|url= http://www.hardrockcalling.co.uk/news/ |title=Hard Rock Calling News & #124; News and Announcements for 2012 |publisher=Hardrockcalling.co.uk |date=2006-07-02 |accessdate=2012-04-25 In April 2012, Soundgarden announced the release of a box set titled " Classic Album Selection " for Europe, containing all of their studio albums (except for Ultramega OK ) and live album Live on I-5 . http://www.soundgardenworld.com/news/2012-04-25/soundgarden-classic-album-selection-europe-only Classic Album Selection Europe Only On May 5, 2012, just before The Offspring began playing their set, the band appeared as a special guest at the 20th annual KROQ-FM|KROQ KROQ Weenie Roast|Weenie Roast in Irvine, California .cite web|url= http://legacy.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx? mode=Article& newsitemID=173602 |title=Soundgarden Performs 'Live To Rise' During Surprise 'KROQ Weenie Roast' Set; Pro-Shot Video |publisher=Blabbermouth.net |date=2012-05-06 |accessdate=2012-05-07cite web|url= http://www.idioteq.com/soundgarden-live-at-the-kroq-weenie-roast-may-2012/ |title=Soundgarden live at the KROQ Weenie Roast, May 2012 |publisher=Idioteq.com |date=2006-05-07 |accessdate=2012-05-07 They will also be playing at Download Festival in June 2012 in Donington, England.
Musical style and influences
Soundgarden was a pioneer of the grunge music genre, which mixed elements of punk rock and heavy metal music|metal into a dirty, aggressive sound. Soundgarden's sound during the early years of the Seattle grunge scene has been described as consisting of "gnarled neo-Zeppelinisms."Azerrad, pg. 436. The influence of Led Zeppelin was evident, with Q (magazine)|Q magazine noting that Soundgarden were "in thrall to '70s rock, but contemptuous of the genre's overt sexism and machismo."Brannigan, Paul. "Outshined". Q: Nirvana and the Story of Grunge . December 2005. p. 102 According to Sub Pop, the band had "a hunky lead singer and fused Led Zeppelin and the Butthole Surfers."Azerrad, pg. 439 The Butthole Surfers ' mix of punk, heavy metal and noise rock was a major influence on the early work of Soundgarden. Soundgarden, like other early grunge bands, were also influenced by British post-punk bands such as Gang of Four (band)|Gang of Four and Bauhaus (band)|Bauhaus which were popular in the early 1980s Seattle scene.Heylin, Clinton. ''Babylon's Burning: From Punk to Grunge . Conongate, 2007. ISBN 1-84195-879-4, p. 600 Soundgarden broadened its musical range with its later releases. By 1994�s Superunknown '', the band began to incorporate more pop music|pop and psychedelic music|psychedelic influences into its music.cite book|last=DeRogatis|first=Jim|authorlink=Jim DeRogatis |title=Turn on Your Mind: Four Decades of Great Psychedelic Rock |publisher=Hal Leonard Corporation |year=2003|page=485|isbn=0-634-05548-8Huey, Steve. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll? p=amg& sql=Agsm1z83a8yv2 "Superunknown"Dead link|date=January 2011|bot=CactusBot. Allmusic . Retrieved on July 22, 2009. As a member of Soundgarden, Cornell became known for his wide vocal range and his dark, existentialism|existentialist lyrics.cite news | url= http://www.usatoday.com/life/music/news/2009-03-23-cornell-scream_N.htm | title=Chris Cornell takes another sonic shift with 'Scream' | work= USA Today | author=Gundersen, Edna | accessdate=2009-04-29 | date=March 24, 2009Letkemann, Jessica. "Soundgarden: Millions of Records Later and Back 'on the Upside'". Circus (magazine)|Circus . August 1996.cite news | url= http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/musicblog/2008/oct/31/grunge | title = Just 20 years on, grunge seems like ancient history | date = 2008-10-31 | accessdate = 2009-07-14 | author = McManus, Darragh | publisher = The Guardian | location=London
Soundgarden often utilized Alternate tunings|alternative tuning s in its songs. Many Soundgarden songs were performed in drop D tuning , including "Jesus Christ Pose", "Outshined", "Spoonman", "Black Hole Sun" and "Black Rain". The E strings of the instruments were at times tuned even lower, such as on "Rusty Cage", where the lower E is tuned all the way down to B.Woodard, Josef. "Soundgarden's Kim Thayil & Chris Cornell". Musician (magazine)|Musician . March 1992. Some songs use more unorthodox tunings: "My Wave" and "The Day I Tried to Live" are both in a E�E�B�B�B�B tuning and "Burden in My Hand", "Head Down" and "Pretty Noose" in a tuning of C-G-C-G-G-E".Rotondi, James. "Alone in the Superunknown". Guitar Player . June 1994.
Soundgarden also used unorthodox time signature s; while such songs as "Jesus Christ Pose", "4th of July", and "Blow Up the Outside World" are in typical 4/4 time, "Outshined" is in 7/4, "My Wave" is in 5/4 and 4/4, "He Didn't" is in 5/4 and 6/4, "Black Hole Sun" is in 4/4 and 9/8, "The Day I Tried to Live" alternates between 7/8 and 4/4 during verses, and is in 4/4 for all other parts. "Fell on Black Days" and "Somewhere" are in 6/4, "Never the Machine Forever" and "Black Rain" are in 9/8, "Beyond the Wheel", "Get on the Snake" and "New Damage" are in 9/4, "Face Pollution" uses 9/8 and 6/4, "Rusty Cage" is in 4/4, 7/4, and 19/8, "Ugly Truth" is in 4/4 and 6/8, "Limo Wreck" alternates between 12/8, 15/8, 9/8, and 6/8, "Half" is in 5/8 with a measure of 11/16 before a 4/4 section, and "Spoonman" alternates between 7/4 choruses and 4/4 verses with a section in 6/4. Thayil has said that Soundgarden usually did not consider the time signature of a song until after the band had written it, and said that the use of odd meters was "a total accident."
Soundgarden was one of the early bands of the 1980s Seattle music scene and is regarded as being one of the originators of the genre later known as grunge. The development of the Seattle independent record label Sub Pop is tied closely to Soundgarden, since Sub Pop co-founder Jonathan Poneman funded Soundgarden's early releases, and the band's success led to the expansion of Sub Pop as a serious record label. Nirvana (band)|Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain was a fan of Soundgarden's early music,Al & Cake. "An interview with...Kurt Cobain". Flipside (fanzine)|Flipside . May/June 1992.cite news| url= http://www.livenirvana.com/interviews/9203akcn/index.html | work=Live Nirvana | title=LIVE NIRVANA INTERVIEW ARCHIVE:March ? ? , 1992 - Los Angeles, CA, US | date=1992-03 | accessdate=2011-12-21 | first1=Al, Cake | last1=Kowalewski, Nunez and reportedly Soundgarden's involvement with Sub Pop influenced Cobain to sign Nirvana with the label. Soundgarden was the first grunge band to sign to a major label when the band joined the roster of A& M Records in 1989. Soundgarden, however, did not achieve initial success, and only with successive album releases did the band meet with increased sales and wider attention. They were ranked #14 on VH1 's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock .
Regarding Soundgarden's legacy, in a 2007 interview Cornell said,cite web| url= http://www.artisannews.com/ans101/templates/default.aspx? a=3877& z=98 |title=Cornell Hesitant To Tamper With Soundgarden Legacy |publisher=Artisan News Service |date=2007-06-10 |accessdate=2009-07-02Dead link|date=April 2012|bot=H3llBot
I think, and this is now with some distance in listening to the records, but on the outside looking in with all earnestness I think Soundgarden made the best records out of that scene. I think we were the most daring and experimental and genre pushing really and I'm really proud of it. And I guess that's why I have trepidation about the idea of reforming. I don't know what it would mean. I guess I just have this image of who we were and I had probably a lot of anxiety during the period of being Soundgarden, as we all did, that it was a responsibility and it was an important band of music and we didn't want to mess it up and we managed to not, which I felt is a great achievement.
Soundgarden has been praised for its technical musical ability and the expansion of its sound as the band's career progressed.Phalen, Tom. "That Rock Thing: As Soundgarden Matures, the Band Finds Itself on Solid Ground". The Seattle Times . December 5, 1996.Wilson, Henry. "Soundgarden: A Fond Farewell". Hit Parader . June 1997. "Heavy yet ethereal, powerful yet always-in-control, Soundgarden's music was a study in contrasts," said Henry Wilson of Hit Parader . Wilson proclaimed the band's music as "a brilliant display of technical proficiency tempered by heart-felt emotion." Soundgarden is one of the bands credited with the development of the genre of alternative metal ,Allmusic|class=explore|id=style/d2697|pure_url=yes "Alternative Metal". Allmusic . Retrieved on July 22, 2009. with Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic stating that "Soundgarden made a place for heavy metal in alternative rock." Ben Ratliff of Rolling Stone defined Soundgarden as the "standard-bearers of stoner rock " during the 1990s.cite journal|last=Ratliff|first=Ben|date=June 22, 2000|title=Rated R review|journal=Rolling Stone |url= http://www.rollingstone.com/music/reviews/album/7480/37724|accessdate=December 6, 2009 |archiveurl= http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/album/233746/review/5943680? utm_source=Rhapsody& utm_medium=CDreview |archivedate=December 3, 2007 |deadurl=yes The band inspired and influenced a number of bands, ranging from Between the Buried and Me to The Dillinger Escape Plan .cite web | url = Allmusic|class=artist|id=p529701|pure_url=yes| title = Between the Buried and Me | work = Allmusic | accessdate = 2009-03-02 http://kpsu.org/story/ben_weinman_of_the_dillinger_escape_plan "Ben Weinman of The Dillinger Escape Plan". KPSU (Portland)|KPSU . November 29, 2005. Retrieved on July 22, 2009. http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx? mode=Article& newsitemID=77248 "Evanescence Frontwoman on Lineup Changes, Marriage And Family Values Tour". Blabbermouth.net . July 20, 2007. Retrieved on July 22, 2009.
Chris Cornell - lead vocals, rhythm guitar (1984-1997, 2010-present)
Kim Thayil - lead guitars (1984-1997, 2010-present)
Matt Cameron - drums, backing vocals (1986-1997, 2010-present)
Ben Shepherd - bass guitar, backing vocals (1990-1997, 2010-present)
Soundgardengood article Category:Grunge musical groups Category:American alternative metal musical groups Category:Alternative rock groups from Washington (state) Category:Heavy metal musical groups from Washington (state) Category:Musical groups from Seattle, Washington Category:Musical groups established in 1984 Category:Musical groups disestablished in 1997 Category:Musical groups reestablished in 2010 Category:Musical quartets Category:A& M Records artists Category:SST Records artists Category:Sub Pop artists Category:C/Z Records artists Category:Grammy Award winners